MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

640 views

How do I form the imperfect subjunctive?

Forming the imperfect subjunctive is easy, on the condition that you know how to form the preterite (in 3rd person plural, e.g. hablaron, comieron…)

Let’s start with a regular verb: hablar.

We go to the 3rd person plural preterite, (hablaron) and remove the “on”.

From that we have the stem (the last vowel of which is always stressed) to which we can add the endings, which are in order: a, as, a, amos, ais, an.

This yields the following conjugations:

Yo hablara

Tú hablaras

Él/Ella/Usted hablara

Nosotros habláramos

Vosotros hablarais

Ellos/Ustedes hablaran

Similarly, for er/ir verbs like comer (comieron):

Yo comiera

Tú comieras

Él/Ella/Usted comiera

Nosotros comiéramos

Vosotros comierais

Ellos comieran

The accent on these is extremely important; you don’t want hablara to be confused with hablará (future).

One popular way of avoiding confusion is by using the alternative conjugations (which are just as acceptable and grammatically correct). They are also formed from the 3rd person preterite but have different endings:

Yo hablase/comiese

Tú hablases/comieses

Él/Ella/Usted hablase/comiese

Nosotros hablásemos/comiésemos

Vosotros hablaseis/comieseis

Ellos hablasen/comiesen

Feel free to use whichever conjugation you want, but I find, the second (ase/iese) one is better to start out with as it helps to eliminate confusion (both between tenses and between other words- e.g. the word “fuera” means outside but could also be the imperfect subjunctive of ser or ir but “fuese” can only be the verb).

Finally, remember your irregular verbs; if it’s irregular in the preterite then it’s irregular (in the same way) in the imperfect subjunctive. E.g. traducir goes to tradujeron goes to tradujera,tradujésemos...

William H. GCSE Maths tutor, A Level Spanish tutor, A Level French tu...

2 years ago

Answered by William, an A Level Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

66 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£22 /hr

Zahra S.

Degree: Modern and Medieval Languages (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Italian+ 3 more

Spanish
Italian
French
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hi! I'm Zahra and I'm currently studying French and Spanish at the University of Cambridge. ”

Clorrie Y. A Level Spanish tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level French ...
£22 /hr

Clorrie Y.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (French and Spanish) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Spanish, History+ 2 more

Spanish
History
French
-Personal Statements-

“French and Spanish student at Durham University offering tuition suited to all abilities.”

Anna P. GCSE Spanish tutor, 13 Plus  Spanish tutor, A Level Spanish t...
£24 /hr

Anna P.

Degree: Politics (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Politics+ 1 more

Spanish
Politics
Government and Politics

“Experienced tutor in GCSE, A-level, university and adult learners. Tutoring Spanish and Politics. Fluent in Polish, English and Spanish.”

About the author

William H. GCSE Maths tutor, A Level Spanish tutor, A Level French tu...

William H.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Maths+ 1 more

Spanish
Maths
French

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

You may also like...

Posts by William

How do I form the imperfect subjunctive?

Probability: "Sock Drawer" style questions.

Other A Level Spanish questions

How can I reach the top grade band in my writing section?

How do I know when to use the imperfect tense when talking about the past?

How to do you create subjunctive in the present tense?

I am struggling with the Speaking component of the Spanish A-Level. How can I improve my Spanish speaking skills?

View A Level Spanish tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok