MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

526 views

How do I form the imperfect subjunctive?

Forming the imperfect subjunctive is easy, on the condition that you know how to form the preterite (in 3rd person plural, e.g. hablaron, comieron…)

Let’s start with a regular verb: hablar.

We go to the 3rd person plural preterite, (hablaron) and remove the “on”.

From that we have the stem (the last vowel of which is always stressed) to which we can add the endings, which are in order: a, as, a, amos, ais, an.

This yields the following conjugations:

Yo hablara

Tú hablaras

Él/Ella/Usted hablara

Nosotros habláramos

Vosotros hablarais

Ellos/Ustedes hablaran

Similarly, for er/ir verbs like comer (comieron):

Yo comiera

Tú comieras

Él/Ella/Usted comiera

Nosotros comiéramos

Vosotros comierais

Ellos comieran

The accent on these is extremely important; you don’t want hablara to be confused with hablará (future).

One popular way of avoiding confusion is by using the alternative conjugations (which are just as acceptable and grammatically correct). They are also formed from the 3rd person preterite but have different endings:

Yo hablase/comiese

Tú hablases/comieses

Él/Ella/Usted hablase/comiese

Nosotros hablásemos/comiésemos

Vosotros hablaseis/comieseis

Ellos hablasen/comiesen

Feel free to use whichever conjugation you want, but I find, the second (ase/iese) one is better to start out with as it helps to eliminate confusion (both between tenses and between other words- e.g. the word “fuera” means outside but could also be the imperfect subjunctive of ser or ir but “fuese” can only be the verb).

Finally, remember your irregular verbs; if it’s irregular in the preterite then it’s irregular (in the same way) in the imperfect subjunctive. E.g. traducir goes to tradujeron goes to tradujera,tradujésemos...

William H. GCSE Maths tutor, A Level Spanish tutor, A Level French tu...

2 years ago

Answered by William, an A Level Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

68 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Olena S.

Degree: Modern Languages with European Studies (French & Spanish) (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered:Spanish, French+ 6 more

Spanish
French
Extended Project Qualification
English Literature
English Language
Business Studies
-Personal Statements-

“Patient, enthusiastic and passionate foreign languages student from Bath here to help you with your studies!”

£20 /hr

Tabitha M.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Maths

Spanish
Maths

“Hi!I am a first year student at the University of Newcastle studying Spanish and Japanese. I am patient, reliable and looking forward to hearing from you!”

MyTutor guarantee

£22 /hr

Jill M.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Maths+ 2 more

Spanish
Maths
History
French

“I'm in my second year at Durham University studying French and Spanish. I love languages and am eager to help you with your French or Spanish studies in any way that I can!”

About the author

William H. GCSE Maths tutor, A Level Spanish tutor, A Level French tu...

William H.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Maths+ 1 more

Spanish
Maths
French

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

You may also like...

Posts by William

How do I form the imperfect subjunctive?

Probability: "Sock Drawer" style questions.

Other A Level Spanish questions

How do you form the perfect tense in Spanish (say you HAVE DONE something)?

What is the difference between 'Ser' and 'Estar'?

What is the difference between "ser feliz" and "estar feliz"?

What is apocapation?

View A Level Spanish tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok