Loftus and Palmer’s (1974) experiment where the verb in the critical question was changed (smashed, collided, bumped, hit or contacted) is a classic example. This shows how the verb used in the leading question affected participants’ memories by distorting them in a way that was consistent with the verb used, eg. smashed suggests a higher speed and worse impact compared to contacted, and this later affected participants’ estimates about the speed of the cars, as well as other details such as presence of broken glass.
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