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What is the main difference between Latin and English?

The main difference between the two languages lies in the fact that Latin is a heavily inflected language. While English conveys its sense principally by the word order of its sentences (e.g. subject, verb, object), Latin conveys its sense through different suffices added to the stem of its verbs, nouns and adjectives. As such Latin does not need to obey a prescribed word order to generate its meaning (eg. a sentence could be written: verb, object, subject; object, verb, subject etc.). Also, as both nouns and adjectives have suffices that demonstrate whether they belong together or are seperate, noun/ adjective phrases need not be placed together. Thus the main focus for any student of Latin is to master the declensions of nouns and adjectives and the conjugation paradigms of the verbs in order to read the Latin language correctly.

Keiran C. GCSE Latin tutor, A Level Latin tutor, Uni Admissions Test ...

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Degree: Classics (Masters) - Edinburgh University

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