MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

371 views

What is Translation, and how do I approach it?

What is Translation?

Translation, or Uebersetzung, is quite simply the art of rewriting a source text (ie, an original piece of writing in one language) into a piece of text that can be read in the target language (ie another language which you are translating the piece of work into). Translation is important, as despite the large number of english-speakers, there are many who cannot communicate in a lingua franca, and so must have important pieces of text translated for them. This is particularly useful, for example, in the world of business, but also has other daily applications (fans of The Bridge will appreciate the English subtitles, which have been translated from Danish).

How do I approach a translation?

Often, translated works can be too literal, to the extent that they will not make sense. Thus attention must be paid to the appropriate 'degree of freedom' for the task. This means that you should beware to ensure that the translated text sounds fluid in the target language, whilst still retaining the key information from the source text.

There are five main degrees of freedom: Literal (the most similar degree of freedom to the source text), Faithful, Balanced, Idiomatic, and Free (the least similar degree of freedom to the source text). It is important to pay attention to the brief when translating, taking care to select the appropriate degree of freedom. For example, if you were translating a piece of scientific work from German to English, you would not want to use a 'Free' degree of freedom, as you would lose the meaning and vital information.

Here is an example of a German sentence, and how it would look with some different degrees of freedom.

Es regnet in Stroemen.

Literal: It rains in streams.

Faithful: It rains in sheets.

Balanced: The rain is pouring down.

Idiomatic/Free: It's raining buckets!/It's raining cats and dogs!

All these translations are fine to use, it is purely dependent on the circumstance and brief of the task, as to which one is the most suitable. This is what translation is about, and if you read the brief carefully, then you will be able to unlock the top marks and create the best translation.

Oliver B. A Level History tutor, A Level German tutor, GCSE German tu...

1 year ago

Answered by Oliver, an A Level German tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

24 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£22 /hr

Anna R.

Degree: International Management and French (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered: German, Psychology

German
Psychology

“I am currently studying International Management and French at the University of Bath. When I'm not at University I live near Frankfurt Germany, however, I've been educated in England for the past 4 years (do not fret I don't have Ger...”

£24 /hr

Tilman S.

Degree: International Relations (Doctorate) - St. Andrews Unversity University

Subjects offered: German, Politics

German
Politics

“About me: Hi, my name is Tilman, I am 25 years old, and I am from Germany. I did my Bachelor in Politics in Germany, before coming to the University of St Andrews in order to do my Master of Letters in International Security Studies. ...”

£20 /hr

Flora L.

Degree: Combined Honours in Arts with Year Abroad (German and English) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: German

German

“About me: I am a finalist at Durham University, studying German and English Literature. Last year I went to Freiburg in Germany for my year abroad and experienced some really exciting aspects of German culture. I hope to share my prac...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

£20 /hr

Oliver B.

Degree: History and German (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: German, History

German
History

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other A Level German questions

How should I structure my A-Level German essay introduction

Which cases do I use with prepositions?

Which prepositions take the accusative?

What is the difference between "Werden-Passiv" and "Sein-Passiv"?

View A Level German tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok