MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

440 views

How to form the perfect tense in French using 'avoir'.

If we want to express a completed action which happened in the past in French, we use the perfect tense. In order to form it we use either avoir or etre and conjugate them in the present form and then add the past participle. Today we will focus on using avoir.

eg. 'I have eaten lunch already' -- J'ai déjà mangé le déjeuner 

eg. 'We walked to the supermarket' -- Nous avons marché au supermarché 

In the above examples the conjugated forms of avoir in the present are 'J'ai' / 'Nous avons' and the past participles are 'mangé' / 'marché'

AVOIR

The simpler, more commonly used auxiliary form is avoir. To form this we firstly take the present form:

J'ai     Tu as     Il/elle a     Nous avons     Vous avez     Ils/elles ont

I have / You have (singular) / He/she has / We have / You (plural) have / They have

We then add the past participles. These are formed by taking the -ER / -RE / -IR ending off the verb and adding the endings:

-ER     -RE     -IR

  é          u        i

eg. finir --- fini

eg. vendre --- vendu

eg. commencer --- commencé

These past participles remain the same regardless of the person.

Unfortunately there are some irregular past participles which do not follow this rule and we must learn these, for example:

avoir -- eu

comprendre -- compris

écrire -- écrit

lire -- lu

faire -- fait

etre -- été

I hope this has helped!

Hannah A. A Level French tutor

1 year ago

Answered by Hannah, a GCSE French tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

108 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Dana C.

Degree: Psychology & Linguistics (Bachelors) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered: French, Maths+ 3 more

French
Maths
English Literature
English Language

“Hi! My name is Dana, I am from Brussels, Belgium and I am a second year Psychology and Linguistics student at the University of Edinburgh. I absolutely  love languages - be it learning them or teaching them. I speak three languages flu...”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

Bethany C.

Degree: Modern Languages (French & Italian) (Bachelors) - Oxford, Lincoln College University

Subjects offered: French, Italian+ 8 more

French
Italian
History
German
English Literature
English Language
.MLAT (Modern Languages)
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“About Me: I study modern languages at the University of Oxford. I’m extremely passionate about languages and the arts in general. I spend a lot of my time abroad and I love travelling. Highlights include campervan tours all over Euro...”

£20 /hr

Hannah R.

Degree: History with a European Language (Bachelors) - University College London University

Subjects offered: French, History+ 5 more

French
History
German
English Literature
Biology
-Personal Statements-

“About Me: Hi! I'm Hannah, I studied the IB diploma, graduating in 2015 and I am currently studying History and French at University College London.My passion for History means that I have a knowledge of many different periods, and wou...”

About the author

£18 /hr

Hannah A.

Degree: French (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: French

French

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other GCSE French questions

What is, and how do I form the conditional tense?

How can I improve my fluency in French?

What is the difference between 'a' and 'à'?

When should I use passé composé and when should I use the imperfect tense?

View GCSE French tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok