MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

526 views

How to form the perfect tense in French using 'avoir'.

If we want to express a completed action which happened in the past in French, we use the perfect tense. In order to form it we use either avoir or etre and conjugate them in the present form and then add the past participle. Today we will focus on using avoir.

eg. 'I have eaten lunch already' -- J'ai déjà mangé le déjeuner 

eg. 'We walked to the supermarket' -- Nous avons marché au supermarché 

In the above examples the conjugated forms of avoir in the present are 'J'ai' / 'Nous avons' and the past participles are 'mangé' / 'marché'

AVOIR

The simpler, more commonly used auxiliary form is avoir. To form this we firstly take the present form:

J'ai     Tu as     Il/elle a     Nous avons     Vous avez     Ils/elles ont

I have / You have (singular) / He/she has / We have / You (plural) have / They have

We then add the past participles. These are formed by taking the -ER / -RE / -IR ending off the verb and adding the endings:

-ER     -RE     -IR

  é          u        i

eg. finir --- fini

eg. vendre --- vendu

eg. commencer --- commencé

These past participles remain the same regardless of the person.

Unfortunately there are some irregular past participles which do not follow this rule and we must learn these, for example:

avoir -- eu

comprendre -- compris

écrire -- écrit

lire -- lu

faire -- fait

etre -- été

I hope this has helped!

Hannah A. A Level French tutor

1 year ago

Answered by Hannah, a GCSE French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

97 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Harriet B.

Degree: French and Hispanic Studies (Bachelors) - Nottingham University

Subjects offered: French, Spanish+ 2 more

French
Spanish
Latin
-Personal Statements-

“Hi! My name is Harriet, I’m a third year student at the University of Nottingham. My degree title is ‘French and Hispanic Studies’ which consists of post A level French and Spanish, with beginners' Portuguese. What experience of tut...”

MyTutor guarantee

£22 /hr

Roxane Z.

Degree: Mathematics and Philosophy (Bachelors) - Warwick University

Subjects offered: French, Maths

French
Maths

“3rd year Maths student and French native, very keen on helping you with both!”

£18 /hr

Emily S.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: French, Maths+ 4 more

French
Maths
Italian
English Literature
Biology
.MLAT (Modern Languages)

“I am a first year student at Durham University studying Modern Languages and Cultures, more specifically French and Beginner’s Italian. I am so passionate about learning languages and I strongly believe that a knowledge of another lan...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

£18 /hr

Hannah A.

Degree: French (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: French

French

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other GCSE French questions

How do you construct the perfect tense for verbs that take avoir?

What is the difference between direct and indirect object pronouns?

What is the subjunctive?

How do I use the verb 'manquer' ?

View GCSE French tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok