MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

510 views

When do I need to use 'sein' as the auxiliary verb in the past perfect tense?

Generally, we conjugate the verb 'sein' for any verb that indicates i) movement ii) or a change in state.

For example i) gehen = to go and suggests an act of movement therefore we would have to conjugate the sein auxiliary and use with the past participle which is gegangen. Hence, 'I went' = Ich bin gegangen. (Bin being the conjugated form of sein for the subject ich)

One thing to be aware of is that verbs that indicate a lack of movement also take sein. eg. bleiben = to stay. Hence, 'I stayed at home' = Ich bin zu Hause geblieben

ii) Verbs that suggest a change in state could include einfrieren (to freeze), schmelzen (to melt) schalfen (to sleep) aufwachen (to wake up). Any verbs that mean something/someone has transformed from one state to another. eg. 'I woke up' = Ich bin aufgewachen.

Monique S. A Level English Language tutor, GCSE English Language tuto...

2 years ago

Answered by Monique, an A Level German tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

39 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£22 /hr

Eszter H.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:German, Maths+ 6 more

German
Maths
History
English and World Literature
English Literature
English Language
.MLAT (Modern Languages)

“I am a Modern Languages (German and Spanish) student at Durham University. I believe that the knowledge of foreign languages is becoming more and more important, thus I am devoted to help every student who want to develop their German...”

£22 /hr

Sanela B.

Degree: International Trade, Strategy and Operations (Masters) - Warwick University

Subjects offered:German, French+ 1 more

German
French
English

“My goals: - tailor the lessons to your needs. - Understand you. I will do my best to listen to you&answer your questions. - Memory hooks of mnemonics. ”

£24 /hr

Luthien C.

Degree: Applied Human Rights (Masters) - York University

Subjects offered:German, History+ 1 more

German
History
English Literature

“About me: Hi! My name is Luthien and I am currently working towards a Masters degree in Applied Human Rights at the University of York. I have a Bachelors degree in History and German from the University of Durham (First Class Honours...”

About the author

Monique S.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: MLang Language and Society (French and German) (Bachelors) - Southampton University

Subjects offered:German, French+ 1 more

German
French
English Language

“ABOUT ME Hello all! I am a first year modern foreign languages student at Southampton University. My course programme (Integrated Masters in Language and Society, French & German) is going to be a lot of work but thoroughly enjoyable...”

You may also like...

Posts by Monique

What would be some handy linking words to use in my French writing - particularly essays?

When do I need to use 'sein' as the auxiliary verb in the past perfect tense?

Other A Level German questions

What is the imperative and when should I use it?

When do I use wenn, wann or als?

Speaking Test: How can I improve my pronounciation?

I'm confused about the use of the conditional tense in German, could you explain how it's formed and its uses?

View A Level German tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok