MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

485 views

What is a purpose/final clause?

Constructions in Latin are not as terrifying as you may think; it's just a case of learning the grammatical rules for each construction and putting them into practice. 

A purpose clause indicates the reason for which a certain action was done. As with other constructions, the verb found in a purpose clause will always be subjunctive. If we were to use a purpose clause in English, the verb would be an infinitive (I went to the shops to buy some groceries). 

The Latin purpose clause will be made up of 'ut' (=in order to), or 'ne' (=in order to not) and the imperfect subjunctive (-rem, -res,-ret, -remus, -retis, -rent)

Consider the following example:

denique ego ad patrem redii ut rem explicarem.

Finally I returned (perfect, 1st person ending) to my father in order to explain the matter.

More literally: Finally I returned to my father so that I could explain the matter. 

If the purpose clause is negative (i.e. not to do something), we use the conjunction 'ne' instead of 'ut'. Consider the following example:

noctem exspectavimus ne ab hostibus videremur. 

We waited for night in order to not be seen by the enemy. 

Or, we waited for night so that we wouldn't be seen by the enemy.

(NB. the Latin word 'hostis' (enemy) is nearly always written in the plural form, so expect to find 'hostes' or 'hostibus' frequently)

So, to recap:

* A purpose clause is used to express a reason for why an action has been done;

* The imperfect subjunctive is always used (because the verb is still a possibility, it hasn't happened yet so we can't use an indicative verb);

* Purpose clauses are always made up of the conjunctions: 'ut' or 'ne', and the imperfect subjunctive;

* It's worth learning your verb endings of the imperfect subjunctive so that these constructions are easy to spot in unseen translations.

Paige R. GCSE Classical Greek tutor, GCSE Latin tutor, A Level Classi...

1 year ago

Answered by Paige, a GCSE Latin tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

31 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£36 /hr

Felix O.

Degree: BA Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Russian+ 2 more

Latin
Russian
Religious Studies
History

“So much is dependent on success in your CEs, GCSEs and A levels- so don't leave it to chance!- leave it to someone who has considerable recent success to show you how it can be done. In our 1:1 sessions, YOU are the priority; no big c...”

£20 /hr

Ed B.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Classical Greek

Latin
Classical Greek

“Hi!  I’m Ed, I’m a third year undergraduate at Exeter University studying Classics.  I offer both GCSE and A-level Latin and GCSE Greek.  When tutoring anyone, I wish to achieve 3 aims: 1. To improve my tutee’s grades 2. To enhance m...”

£22 /hr

Tom O.

Degree: Law (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Latin, Science+ 5 more

Latin
Science
Maths
Law
History
English
-Personal Statements-

“Durham University Law Student, on track for a First Class Degree. All As/A*s in A Levels Straight A*s in GCSEs.”

About the author

Paige R.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Classics and Ancient History (Masters) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Classical Greek+ 1 more

Latin
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation

“I am a postgradute student of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Exeter. In my teaching, I intend to inspire a lasting sense of awe about the ways in which antiquity has shaped our lives today. My focus is mainly on the...”

You may also like...

Other GCSE Latin questions

Conditional Clauses - how do I identify them?

How to translate complex Latin sentences?

How are you qualified to teach Latin at GCSE Level?

Indirect statements are a mystery to me - can you explain them?

View GCSE Latin tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok