MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

211 views

How to use the prepositions en and dans in French?

The prepositions en and dans both mean "in" in French, and can both express time and location. But they are not interchangeable; their usage depends on both meaning and grammar.

En expresses the length of time an action takes. Note that this means the verb is usually in the present or past.

Il a lu le livre en une heure. -> He read the book in an hour.

En is used to express the month, season, or year in which an action takes place.

Nous voyageons en avril. -> We travel in April.

En can mean "in" or "to" when followed directly by a noun that doesn't need an article.

Il est en classe. -> He's in school.

Dans indicates the amount of time before which an action will occur. Note that this means the verb is usually in the present or future.

Nous partons dans dix minutes. ->  We're leaving in 10 minutes.

Dans refers to something that occurs within or during a decade.

Dans les années soixantes...  ->  In the sixties...

Dans means "in" a location when followed by an article plus noun.

Il est dans la maison. -> He's in the house.

Dans also means "to" or "in" with some states and provinces.

J'habite dans le Maine. -> I live in Maine.

Marc M. A Level French tutor

10 months ago

Answered by Marc, an IB French tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

22 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Stella R.

Degree: Psychology (MA) (Bachelors) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered: French, Psychology+ 3 more

French
Psychology
Philosophy and Ethics
English
-Personal Statements-

“About Me: Hello students, hello parents, My name's Stella.  I'm a Psychology student at the University of Edinburgh. I am truly passionate about my field of study and the other humanities subjects that I tutor - namely  English, Fren...”

£20 /hr

Yann D.

Degree: BA (Hons) Italian and Linguistics (Bachelors) - Manchester University

Subjects offered: French

French

“Hi, my name's Yann. I'm a second year student at the University of Manchester. I study Italian and linguistics and as you may have guessed already I love languages. I'm passionate about teaching French, which is my mother tongue. I be...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Victoria M.

Degree: French and ab initio Russian (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered: French

French

“Hi guys, I'm Vicki and I've just started at Bath University to study French and ab initio Russian, which is really challenging, but totally rewarding. Having done languages to this level, I know how difficult they can be and would rea...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

£20 /hr

Marc M.

Degree: Management Finance (Masters) - Durham University

Subjects offered: French

French

“About Me: I am French and currently an MSc. Management Finance student at Durham University. I have an engineering degree from a French engineering school related to the food industry. I am very patient and friendly. I have been teac...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other IB French questions

When would I use the subjunctive?

How does one form the present subjunctive in French?

Who are the pieds noirs?

HOW DO THE TENSES WORK AND HOW DO I KNOW WHEN TO USE THEM?!?!?!!!!?

View IB French tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok