MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

608 views

How and when to form the present subjunctive in Spanish

The subjunctive mood is used in Spanish after certain expressions. These include:

1) Expressions of uncertainty e.g - Dudo que...

2) Expressions of feeling e.g - Siento que...

3) Expressions of wish/intent/command e.g - Quiero que...

 

The formation of the subjunctive in Spanish is very easy. There are 3 simple steps.

1) Take the yo form of the present indicative. e.g - Como

2) Drop the -o ending.

3) Add the subjunctive endings which depend on whether the verb ends in -ar or -er/-ir.

AR Endings

-e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en

ER/IR Endings

-a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an

As with most tenses, irregularities exist in the subjunctive. If the verb is irregular in the present indicative, you use this irregular stem to form the present subjunctive.

E.g - tener -> tengo -> teng-

         conocer -> concozco -> conozc-

There are also 6 verbs which are fully irregular in the subjunctive, these need to be learnt:

Dar, Estar, Haber, Ir, Saber & Ser

      

Examples:

I want you to go to the supermarket. - Quiero que vayas al supermercado.

We doubt that they will eat it. - Dudamos que lo coman.

I don't believe that he has a new car. - No creo que tenga un coche nuevo.

 

There is no such thing as the future subjunctive in Spanish, the present subjunctive is used to express this. This is why 'coman' is used in example 2.

Lucy S. A Level French tutor, A Level German tutor, A Level Spanish t...

2 years ago

Answered by Lucy, an A Level Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

74 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

Clorrie Y. A Level Spanish tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level French ...
£24 /hr

Clorrie Y.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (French and Spanish) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Spanish, History+ 2 more

Spanish
History
French
-Personal Statements-

“French and Spanish student at Durham University offering tuition suited to all abilities.”

£20 /hr

Marina M.

Degree: Combined Honours in Social Sciences (International Relations and French) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Spanish, French

Spanish
French

“Spanish, reading French, approachable and motivated to help students enjoy languages and succeed in them.”

MyTutor guarantee

|  1 completed tutorial

£20 /hr

Charley G.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (With Year Abroad) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Spanish, French

Spanish
French

“About Me: I am an MFL student at Durham University, studying French, Spanish, and Russian ab initio. I have always had a great love of languages and am fascinated by them, and I hope to inspire the same enthusiasm in you during our tu...”

About the author

Lucy S.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered:Spanish, German+ 1 more

Spanish
German
French

“First year Modern Languages undergraduate. Passionate about languages and able to tutor at either GCSE or A-level.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Lucy

How and when to form the present subjunctive in Spanish

How do you form the conditional tense in French?

Other A Level Spanish questions

How do you form the imperative in Spanish?

What are the main differences between 'por' and 'para'?

How do I decide which essay to write?

Is the pronunciation of the language hard?

View A Level Spanish tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok