MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

261 views

How do you use the Passato Prossimo?

The ‘passato prossimo’ tense is the ‘near past’ and the most frequently used past tense in the Italian language, especially used in conversation.

The passato prossimo is formed with the auxiliary ‘To be’ or ‘To have’ + the past participle.

ESSERE(TO BE)

Io sono

Tu sei

Lui/Lei è

Noi siamo

Voi siete

Loro sono

AVERE (TO HAVE)

Io ho

Tu hai

Lui/Lei ha

Noi abbiamo

Voi avete

Loro hanno

When to use ESSERE and when to use AVERE

Most verbs in the passato prossimo use the auxiliary AVERE e.g. Carla ha cantato una canzone (Carla sang a song)

The auxiliary ESSERE is used with:

-Reflexive verbs

-Verbs of movement

- Verbs of changing state

e.g. Io sono andato a scuola (I went to school)

Elena si è lavata (Elena washed herself)

NB When using the auxiliary TO BE we always AGREE the verb with the gender

Mario è andato a scuola

Maria è andata a scuola

PARTICIPIO PASSATO (Past Participle)

With verbs ending in –ARE, take off the ‘ARE’ and add –ATO e.g. CANTARE= CANTATO

With verbs ending in –ERE take off the ‘ERE’ and add –UTO e.g. AVERE=AVUTO

With verbs ending in –IRE take off the ‘IRE’ and add –ITO e.g. SALIRE=SALITO

As always, there are some irregular past participles. Here are some examples:

VENIRE= VENUTO

ESSERE= STATO/A

FARE=FATTO

DIRE=DETTO

VEDERE=VISTO

Sian W. GCSE Italian tutor, A Level Italian tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor

6 months ago

Answered by Sian, a GCSE Italian tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

36 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£24 /hr

Damiano L.

Degree: Philosophy (Doctorate) - Sheffield University

Subjects offered:Italian, Philosophy

Italian
Philosophy

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

William D.

Degree: Mechanical Engineering (Masters) - Leeds University

Subjects offered:Italian, Physics+ 2 more

Italian
Physics
Maths
Chemistry

“I am a British student currently in the first year of a masters degree in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Leeds. Having previously lived in Spain and Italy, I am fluent in both languages and have excellent communications s...”

Capucine D. GCSE Italian tutor, A Level Italian tutor, GCSE History t...
£20 /hr

Capucine D.

Degree: Music and Italian (joint honours) (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Italian, History+ 2 more

Italian
History
French
-Personal Statements-

“About Me: I am a fourth year Music and Italian student at Bristol University. I have always had a real passion and love for all things 'science' and hope that my tutorials will instill that love in you, too. I am very patient and fri...”

About the author

Sian W.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Nottingham University

Subjects offered:Italian, Spanish

Italian
Spanish

“I am in my first year studying Modern Languages at the University of Nottingham. I’m studying Spanish and Portuguese. I also studied French to A level standard.  I gained my love for languages at the age of 8 when I moved to Italy and...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Sian

How do Spanish gender agreements work?

How do you use the Passato Prossimo?

Other GCSE Italian questions

How can I figure out the gender of a word in Italian?

How do you conjugate the perfect tense in Italian?

When should I use the present participle? (e.g. 'Sto mangiando')

How to form the passato prossimo?

View GCSE Italian tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok