MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

433 views

How do I form the pluperfect tense?

We use the pluperfect tense to describe something or an action that had happened in the past. It is a really useful tense to know how to use and can help to elevate your German skills.

The pluperfect is formed using the imperfect tense of haben or sein as an auxiliary and the past participle. Whether you use haben or sein depends on the verb involved.

Example 1 (with haben as the auxiliary)

Let's use the verb machen (meaning 'to do' or 'to make') to form the pluperfect tense. This verb takes the auxiliary haben and its past participle is gemacht.

Ich hatte gemacht - I had done/made

Du hattest gemacht

Er/sie/es hatte gemacht

Wir hatten gemacht

Ihr hattet gemacht

Sie/sie hatten gemacht

Example 2 (with sein as the auxiliary)

Verbs of motion, verbs expressing a change of state/condition and some other verbs, such as bleiben, take sein as their auxiliary.

Let's use gehen (meaning 'to go') as an example of how to form the pluperfect tense using the auxiliary sein. Its past participle is gegangen.

Ich war gegangen - I had gone

Du warst gegangen

Er/sie/es war gegangen

Wir waren gegangen

Ihr wart gegangen

Sie/sie waren gegangen

The key things know when forming the pluperfect are the past participle of the verb involved and whether the auxiliary is haben or sein. Good luck using the pluperfect tense!

Luthien  C. GCSE German tutor, A Level German tutor, GCSE English Lit...

9 months ago

Answered by Luthien , an A Level German tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

38 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£30 /hr

Sophia C.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Oxford, Hertford College University

Subjects offered:German, Religious Studies+ 5 more

German
Religious Studies
History
Classical Civilisation
.HAT.
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“I am an Oxford University graduate. I am very passionate about my subjects and getting the best out of every student.”

£20 /hr

Nele W.

Degree: Geology & Geophysics (Msci, 4 Years) (Bachelors) - Imperial College London University

Subjects offered:German, Physics+ 4 more

German
Physics
Maths
English Language
Chemistry
-Personal Statements-

“Hello, I am a 2nd year student studying at Imperial College London. I am German and my hobbies include: Tennis, Hockey and the Clarinet.”

MyTutor guarantee

£26 /hr

Tilman S.

Degree: International Relations (Doctorate) - St. Andrews University

Subjects offered:German, Politics+ 2 more

German
Politics
Government and Politics
-Personal Statements-

“My name is Tilman and I am a native speaker in German. I can help you with learning German and Politics. I have plenty of experience in tutoring German.”

About the author

£24 /hr

Luthien C.

Degree: Applied Human Rights (Masters) - York University

Subjects offered:German, History+ 1 more

German
History
English Literature

“About me: Hi! My name is Luthien and I am currently working towards a Masters degree in Applied Human Rights at the University of York. I have a Bachelors degree in History and German from the University of Durham (First Class Honours...”

You may also like...

Other A Level German questions

Was konnte man sich lange Zeit nicht vorstellen? Warum? [2 marks]

Where is the position of a verb in a sentence?

How do I form the passive voice?

How do you form the conditional tense?

View A Level German tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok