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In the Working model of memory (Baddeley & Hitch, 1974) what is the function of the phonological loop, with reference to the components it is formed up of?

The Phonological loop (PL) is a short term storage system, that deals with sound and language information. It holds verbal information in the form that we will say them. It is formed of two components; the phonological store (PS), and the articulatory loop (AL). The PS, is a passive storage system. It remembers speech sounds and prepares the words we will speak. Any spoken language (auditory information) directly enters the PS. The AL, is an active rehearsal system that maintains words through sub vocal repetition. This is where sounds/words are repeated on a loop so that they don’t decay. This allows the AL to form visually presented language (written words) into an articulatory (spoken) code. It then transfers this code to the PS. Overall, the function of the PL is to store visual and auditory language information for a short period of time, so that meaning can be drawn, and a verbal response formed. 

Jessica J. GCSE Psychology tutor, A Level Psychology tutor

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