MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

65 views

What are some advantages and disadvantages of the 'first-past-the-post' electoral system?

Under first-past-the-post (FPTP), as practiced in the UK, each constituency elects one MP by what is called plurality voting. This means, more or less, that the candidate with the most votes wins. One advantage of this system is that it is simple to understand and therefore does not need to be explained to voters. This is in contrast to some other systems such as STV, which requires voters to rank a large number of candidates, and employs a relatively obscure method of picking the winning candidates based on these preferences. Another advantage of FPTP is that it provides a strong MP-constituency link, with one MP devoted to the needs of a particular geographical area. This can be contrasted with the closed or open list proportional systems, which can have many representatives per constituency. In Israel, for example, the whole country is one big constituency. 

A disadvantage of FPTP is that it is not proportional, that is, parties' number of seats in the legislature do not accurately reflect the share of the popular vote in the election. FPTP tends to be biased towards bigger parties which can get more than 30% of the vote in a lot of constituencies. In 2005, the Labour party won a sizeable majority in the House of Commons with only 35.2% of the popular vote. Advocates of FPTP argue that this is actually a virtue of the system, as it allows for strong majority government even when no party commands majority support in the country as a whole.

Jonathan A. GCSE Economics tutor, A Level Economics tutor, IB Economi...

2 months ago

Answered by Jonathan, an A Level Government and Politics tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

25 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Christopher M.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, History+ 1 more

Government and Politics
History
-Personal Statements-

“Hi! I'm Chris, an open and patient student who wishes to help you with any issues you're currently facing. I'm incrediblyflexible so feel free to contact me asap - I can't wait to hear from you! About Me I’m a History student curre...”

£20 /hr

Edward C.

Degree: BSc Politics and International Relations (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, Geography+ 1 more

Government and Politics
Geography
Economics

“Hi there!  About Me My name is Ed, I am currently studying BSc Politics and International Relations at the University of Exeter. I studied Geography, Politics and Economics at A level, and achieved A grades in each, but I also studie...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Saskia M.

Degree: International Relations (Bachelors) - Nottingham University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, Geography

Government and Politics
Geography

“About me: Hi everyone, my name is Saskia and I am a Politics and International Relations student at the University of Nottingham. I also love geography and studied it all the way through school achieving an A at A-level. I study these...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Jonathan A.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Economics (Masters) - University College London University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, Philosophy+ 4 more

Government and Politics
Philosophy
Maths
Economics
.TSA. Oxford.
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“About Me: I am studying for an MSc in Economics at University College London.  I did my undergraduate degree in Oxford studying Philosophy, Politics and Economics, and as a result amfamiliar with the tutorial system from the student's...”

You may also like...

Posts by Jonathan

What are some advantages and disadvantages of the 'first-past-the-post' electoral system?

What is the difference between accounting and economic profit?

What is the logical problem of evil?

Other A Level Government and Politics questions

What is the best way to understand the European Union?

To what extent is freedom to raise unlimited campaign funds justified by the first amendment?

Is globalisation a positive or negative development? Critically discuss.

How can the president overcome constitutional restraints?

View A Level Government and Politics tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok