MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

118 views

How does Mill's rule utilitarianism differ from Bentham's act utilitarianism?

Assuming a general understanding of Bentham's act utilitarianism, the difference lies in that Mill takes a more qualitative (concerning quality and non quantifiable understanding) approach to pleasure rather than Bentham's method of measuring pleasure which is quantitative, and derived by using the hedonic calculus.

Mill thought that pleasures have different values and distingushed between higher and lower pleasures. Higher pleasures being those associated with the mind and intellectual pursuits. And Lower pleasures being those associated with the body such as satisfying the bodily need for food.

He felt that higher pleasures are more desireable than lower ones. He said, "It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied". REMEMBER: it is always good to use quotations to demonstrate your understanding.

In addition, he believed that rules whould be formulated first, based on the utilitarian princciples. The individual can then judge whether specific acts are acceptable.

In contrast, Bentham's act utilitarianism states that each action should be judged on it's ability to bring the greatest happiness for the greatest number.

Mill's development can be explaned as a system that includes the individuals conscience, instead of the harsh and mechanistic appraoch of Bentham's act utilitarianism.

Anna S. GCSE Economics tutor, GCSE Philosophy and Ethics tutor, A Lev...

3 months ago

Answered by Anna, an A Level Philosophy and Ethics tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

20 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Natasha B.

Degree: BA French and Philosophy (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Philosophy and Ethics, Religious Studies+ 2 more

Philosophy and Ethics
Religious Studies
English Language

“Hello! My name is Tash and I am currently studying Philosophy and French at the University of Bristol. My areas of expertise lie in English Language and Philosophy and Ethics. However, if there is anything else that you feel you want ...”

£24 /hr

Amir J.

Degree: BA (Hons) Religion, Philosophy & Ethics (Bachelors) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered: Philosophy and Ethics, Spanish+ 3 more

Philosophy and Ethics
Spanish
Religious Studies
Philosophy
French

“I am a Theology & Philosophy student at King's College London (University of London). As an aspiring ph.D student, I have taught students from GCSE to A Level in Religious Studies, Philosophy & Ethics, and French (AQA, Edexcel, and OC...”

£22 /hr

Oliver W.

Degree: Philosophy (Bachelors) - Warwick University

Subjects offered: Philosophy and Ethics, Philosophy+ 4 more

Philosophy and Ethics
Philosophy
English Literature
English Language
-Personal Statements-

“About Me: Hi! My name is Oli. I’m a current undergraduate studying Philosophy at the University of Warwick. My life is a concoction of academic interests, but language, literature and their philosophical applications are at the forefr...”

About the author

£20 /hr

Anna S.

Degree: Philosophy, Politics and Economics (Bachelors) - Warwick University

Subjects offered: Philosophy and Ethics, Religious Studies+ 4 more

Philosophy and Ethics
Religious Studies
Philosophy
English
Economics
-Personal Statements-

“Hi my name is Anna, I am an undergraduate at the Universtiy of Warwick studying Philosophy, Politics and Economics.  Having just done my A-Levels I am very familiar with the A-Level exam and exactly what it is you need to do to pass, ...”

You may also like...

Other A Level Philosophy and Ethics questions

Explain Aristotle's Virtue Ethics

What is the difference between consequentialism and deontological ethics?

What is Plato's 'theory of recollection'?

What is Philosophy and Ethics A Level?

View A Level Philosophy and Ethics tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok