MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

836 views

What were the main aims of the “Big 3” leaders involved in the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 and how happy were they with the end result?

The Treaty of Versailles was negotiated by the leaders of the 3 main Allied countries who had been fighting against Germany during the First World War: the U.K., France and the U.S.A. Below is a summary of what each of these leaders wanted from the Treaty and what they thought of the end result.

 

1) The U.K.- represented by David Lloyd-George: Lloyd-George wanted to make sure that the U.K. had a share in Germany’s colonies and that Germany’s navy would be reduced as this could threaten the U.K. He was also under pressure from the British public to punish Germany and make it pay for the damages of the war (reparations). This was balanced by a desire to keep Germany strong enough to be a useful trading partner for the U.K.

End result: Lloyd-George was unhappy with the final Treaty- he thought it was too harsh and that Germany would want revenge. (he was right!) However, the British public were happy and re-elected Lloyd-George.

 

2) France-represented by Georges Clemenceau: Clemenceau wanted to make sure that France was safe from future attack by Germany and so wanted to impose arms restrictions on it. He also wanted to regain the province of Alsace-Lorraine which was on the border between France and Germany and had been going back and forth between the 2 countries. As France had been so heavily damaged by WW1, he was also seeking significant reparations from Germany.

End result: Clemenceau thought the final Treaty was not harsh enough in the light of how much France had suffered. The French public agreed and did not re-elect Clemenceau to office.  

 

3) The U.S.A.-represented by Woodrow Wilson : America had suffered far less than the other countries involved so Wilson was inclined to be less harsh towards Germany. He was more interested in peace. He put forward his 14 Points for Peace in January 1918 to help promote peace in Europe. Some of the main points included: self-determination (i.e. a country’s right to decide its own future), movement towards disarmament, no secret treaties between countries, freedom of the seas and setting up a League of Nations to promote communication between countries. He felt it would be best to help Germany re-build and encourage everyone to focus more on peace.

End result: Wilson was very unhappy with the final Treaty- for him it was too harsh. He felt the amount of reparations given to Germany (£6.6 billion) was far too high and he was also displeased with the lack of self-determination Germany was given. However, some of his 14 Points, such as the creation of a League of Nations, were carried through. 

Kate S. 13 Plus  History tutor, GCSE History tutor, A Level History t...

2 years ago

Answered by Kate, who tutored GCSE History with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

111 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Meabh M.

Degree: Law (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: History, Maths+ 1 more

History
Maths
English

“A little bit about me:I am a Law student at Durham University. I have always enjoyed Maths, History and English Literature (even if it is anodd mix) and I can only hope that this will come through in my tutorials.I am very friend...”

£22 /hr

Shani T.

Degree: History and English Literature (Masters) - Glasgow University

Subjects offered: History, English and World Literature+ 4 more

History
English and World Literature
English Literature
English Language
-Personal Statements-

“I am a first-year student currently studying English Literature, History and Politics at the University of Glasgow, working towards a Masters in History.English Literature and History are both huge passions of mine, both being subjec...”

£18 /hr

Matthew S.

Degree: Economics (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: History, Maths+ 2 more

History
Maths
Extended Project Qualification
Economics

“Who am I? I am a 3rd Year Economics Student at the University of Exeter. Economics has always been at the top of my interests meaning that I have real passion for all things economics and math based which I will aim to instill into my...”

About the author

£22 /hr

Kate S.

Degree: History and German (Bachelors) - Oxford, Lincoln College University

Subjects offered: History, German+ 1 more

History
German
-Personal Statements-

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Kate

How can I increase the variety of my sentence structures?

What were the main aims of the “Big 3” leaders involved in the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 and how happy were they with the end result?

Other GCSE History questions

How to get an A* in History GCSE

How to write a well structured conclusion to a source question

What is Domino Theory and Containment?

How do I get top marks in my GCSE History essay?

View GCSE History tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok