Currently unavailable: until 02/05/2016
Degree: Modern Languages (Spanish and Arabic) (Bachelors) - Durham University
|Arabic||A Level||£20 /hr|
|Spanish||A Level||£20 /hr|
|English Literature||GCSE||£18 /hr|
|Before 12pm||12pm - 5pm||After 5pm|
Please get in touch for more detailed availability
Arabic verbs change according to pronouns a lot more than English verbs, but luckily they tend to follow regular patterns, so they are not too hard to learn. Here is a simple model to follow using the present, indicative of "to do" (the pronouns are in bold):
أنت تفعل / تفعلين
هو يفعل / هي تفعل
The best way to practise at the beginning is to repeat this model in writing and out loud several times, so that you begin to get used to the pattern. Then start applying it to other verbs, for example, "to speak":
أنت تتكلم / تتكلمين
هو يتكلم / هي تتكلم
Good luck!see more
The subjunctive is hard even for native speakers, so don't worry! There are a few handy rules to remember. Use the subjunctive in Spanish:
1. If the action you are describing did not actually happen: "Si hubiera estudiado, hubiera aprobado el examen." (If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.)
2. If you talk about actions performed by two different people in a sentence: "Quiero (yo) que hables (tú) sobre tu trabajo." (I want you to talk about your work.)
3. If you give a negative command, i.e. tell someone NOT to do something: "¡No hables conmigo de esa manera!" (Don't talk to me like that!)
4. If you are using certain set phrases expressing desire: "Ojalá venga Jaime a la fiesta." (I hope Jaime comes to the party.)
5. If you are talking about a future action: "Cuando esté en la universidad, seguiré estudiando el español." (When I am in university, I will continue studying Spanish.)
As you can see, the subjunctive is often used in situations where an action is hypothetical, and the above rules cover the majority of situations where we need to use this grammatical "mood". It seems daunting because we don't use the subjunctive in English, but it's not as hard as it seems at first! Try listening out to native speakers and hear when they use it too!see more
Essay writing, for coursework but especially for exams, can seem stressful, but there are some simple steps to writing good essay answers every time.
Here are some of my top tips:
1. Always start with a plan! Even if you are in an exam, look at your question, make sure you understand it well and then make a few bullet points about the important things you need to say. This way, you won't run out of ideas half way through or forget any of your great ideas in the rush of the essay.
2. Remember to write an introduction. Give a bit of background that you know (e.g. who wrote the book/poem you are writing about, when/where they wrote it, and who the main characters are). Then state your purpose for the essay (e.g. This essay will show that the theme of death and loss is central to this piece of poetry.)
3. Divide your points up into clear paragraphs. Organise your ideas so that whoever marks your work can see that you have lots of different points to make.
4. End with a conclusion. Always try to summarise your main points and make sure you fully answer the question you have been set in the conclusion. This will show your teachers that you have really understood what they asked and that you deserve the top marks!
Every essay is different, but if you understand the question and follow a good structure like this one, you are sure to do well!see more