Currently unavailable: until 14/11/2015
Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University
|French||A Level||£24 /hr|
|German||A Level||£24 /hr|
|Spanish||A Level||£24 /hr|
|Modern Languages (French, German, Spanish)||Bachelors Degree||2:1|
The French imperative is used to give commands and is formed differently depending on whether you are using the tu, nous or vous form.
To form a positive command in the nous or vous forms, just take the present tense form of that verb and delete the subject (ie. the nous or the vous).
For example, this means that the vous imperative form of ouvrir would be "ouvrez", and the nous imperative form of the same verb would be "ouvrons".
Note that the nous form of the imperative takes a suggestive meaning: "let's open" for example.
The formation of a tu command is slightly different. As for the vous and nous forms, you take the present tense form of the verb and delete the subject (tu). However, if this form happens to end in es or as, then the final s must be deleted.
For example, if we take the verb aller: the tu form of the present tense is vas, which ends in "as" and so this final s must be deleted. This means that the imperative tu form for aller is "va".
On the other hand, for the verb finir, the tu form of the present tense is finis, which does not end in either "as" or "es" and therefore the s is retained. This means that the imperative tu form for finir is "finis".
Watch out, there are four verbs with irregular imperative forms: être, avoir, savoir and vouloir.
tu: sois vous: soyez nous: soyons
tu: aie vous: ayez nous: ayons
tu: sache vous: sachez nous: sachons
tu: veuille vous: veuillez
Note: the imperative of nous for the verb vouloir is not used.see more
Translating "you" into Spanish can be tricky because where we only have one option in English, there are several different "you" forms in Spanish.
Which one you choose to use depends on how well you know the person you are talking to or writing to, whether you are talking to one person or more and sometimes whether the person or people are male or female.
Tú is used when you are talking to one person, male or female, that you know well: for example a friend or relative. It is therefore known as a familiar form.
Vosotros and vosotras are also familiar forms, but are used when you are addressing more than one person. For male groups or groups comprising both men and women, vosotros is used, whereas for groups of just females, vosotras is used.
Note: Vosotros and vosotras are used exclusively in Castillian Spanish (ie. in Spain) and not in Latin America (Ustedes is used instead: see below).
Usted is used when you are addressing one person, but someone that you do not know very well or who has a higher status or is older than you. It is therefore known as the formal or polite form.
Ustedes is another formal form, but it is used to address more than one person, either male or female.
Note: The familiar forms have become more and more customary in recent years and are now the norm in many situations which were previously regarded as formal.see more