Currently unavailable: until 14/11/2015
Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University
I have just graduated from Durham University in French, German and Spanish so as you can see, I absolutely love learning languages! I'm also passionate about helping others to see the value and importance of learning foreign languages, and hope to pass this enthusiasm onto my tutees. I speak all three languages with professional fluency, having spent several months living in France, Germany and Spain during my year abroad. I also have plenty of experience as a teacher: both teaching English abroad and helping out in French classes whilst I was at school.
Learning a language is tricky- I know that from experience! However I want to help make your studies as enjoyable as possible, by using learning methods that suit you. If you want the whole session to be carried out solely in your target language then we can do so, but equally if that thought is a bit daunting then it's no problem to explain concepts in English, or do a mixture of the two! Of course we'll focus on your areas for improvement, but we'll also ensure that we maintain what you are good at so that you become an all-round linguist, brimming with confidence!
Yes Please! What next?
If you like what you've read or have any questions whatsoever, then please don't hesitate to send me a Webmail or book a Meet the Tutor Session.
À bientôt! Bis bald! ¡Hasta pronto!
|French||A Level||£24 /hr|
|German||A Level||£24 /hr|
|Spanish||A Level||£24 /hr|
|Modern Languages (French, German, Spanish)||Bachelors Degree||2:1|
The French imperative is used to give commands and is formed differently depending on whether you are using the tu, nous or vous form.
To form a positive command in the nous or vous forms, just take the present tense form of that verb and delete the subject (ie. the nous or the vous).
For example, this means that the vous imperative form of ouvrir would be "ouvrez", and the nous imperative form of the same verb would be "ouvrons".
Note that the nous form of the imperative takes a suggestive meaning: "let's open" for example.
The formation of a tu command is slightly different. As for the vous and nous forms, you take the present tense form of the verb and delete the subject (tu). However, if this form happens to end in es or as, then the final s must be deleted.
For example, if we take the verb aller: the tu form of the present tense is vas, which ends in "as" and so this final s must be deleted. This means that the imperative tu form for aller is "va".
On the other hand, for the verb finir, the tu form of the present tense is finis, which does not end in either "as" or "es" and therefore the s is retained. This means that the imperative tu form for finir is "finis".
Watch out, there are four verbs with irregular imperative forms: être, avoir, savoir and vouloir.
tu: sois vous: soyez nous: soyons
tu: aie vous: ayez nous: ayons
tu: sache vous: sachez nous: sachons
tu: veuille vous: veuillez
Note: the imperative of nous for the verb vouloir is not used.see more
Translating "you" into Spanish can be tricky because where we only have one option in English, there are several different "you" forms in Spanish.
Which one you choose to use depends on how well you know the person you are talking to or writing to, whether you are talking to one person or more and sometimes whether the person or people are male or female.
Tú is used when you are talking to one person, male or female, that you know well: for example a friend or relative. It is therefore known as a familiar form.
Vosotros and vosotras are also familiar forms, but are used when you are addressing more than one person. For male groups or groups comprising both men and women, vosotros is used, whereas for groups of just females, vosotras is used.
Note: Vosotros and vosotras are used exclusively in Castillian Spanish (ie. in Spain) and not in Latin America (Ustedes is used instead: see below).
Usted is used when you are addressing one person, but someone that you do not know very well or who has a higher status or is older than you. It is therefore known as the formal or polite form.
Ustedes is another formal form, but it is used to address more than one person, either male or female.
Note: The familiar forms have become more and more customary in recent years and are now the norm in many situations which were previously regarded as formal.see more