Holly B. A Level Spanish tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level French tu...

Holly B.

£18 - £20 /hr

Currently unavailable: for new students

Studying: Modern Languges - Spanish and French (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

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About me

I have recently returned from a year teaching English abroad in Amiens, France and Barcelona where I worked in an engineering university and a trilingual international school.  I have taught to both large classes and one-on-one private tuitions with students ranging from 10 to 40 years old!  I have a passion for Language learning and I am an Ambassador for Routes into Languages North East Division. I like to make grammar and vocabulary work fun with games and visual aids in a relaxed manner and would love to share my experiences of the cultures of France and Spain with my tutees. 

I have recently returned from a year teaching English abroad in Amiens, France and Barcelona where I worked in an engineering university and a trilingual international school.  I have taught to both large classes and one-on-one private tuitions with students ranging from 10 to 40 years old!  I have a passion for Language learning and I am an Ambassador for Routes into Languages North East Division. I like to make grammar and vocabulary work fun with games and visual aids in a relaxed manner and would love to share my experiences of the cultures of France and Spain with my tutees. 

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Qualifications

SubjectQualificationGrade
SpanishA-level (A2)A
FrenchA-level (A2)A
English LiteratureA-level (A2)A*

Subjects offered

SubjectQualificationPrices
FrenchA Level£20 /hr
SpanishA Level£20 /hr
FrenchGCSE£18 /hr
SpanishGCSE£18 /hr

Questions Holly has answered

What is the Preceding Direct Object (PDO) rule?

In French when we use a sentence in the Passé Composé that contains a direct object or direct object pronoun BEFORE the past participle, we must alter the ending of the past participle in accordance with the (i)gender and (ii)quantity of the direct object.

This situation arrises with AVOIR as the auxiliary verb and with REFLEXIVE VERBS using ETRE when the subject is the direct object of the verb.

The endings we add are as follows;

Masc. Singular- no change

Masc. Plural - add 's'

Fem. Singular - add 'e'

Fem. Plural - add 'es'

For example;

J'ai connu les filles il y a un mois - I met the girls last month

Here, there is no agreement with the feminine plural direct object and the past participle of connaitre as the direct object arrives after the past participle.

However;

Je les ai connues il y a un mois - I met them (the girls) last month

Here, the femenine plural 'es' ending has been added to the past participle 'connu' to adhere to the preceding direct object rule as the pronoun arrives before the past participle.

In French when we use a sentence in the Passé Composé that contains a direct object or direct object pronoun BEFORE the past participle, we must alter the ending of the past participle in accordance with the (i)gender and (ii)quantity of the direct object.

This situation arrises with AVOIR as the auxiliary verb and with REFLEXIVE VERBS using ETRE when the subject is the direct object of the verb.

The endings we add are as follows;

Masc. Singular- no change

Masc. Plural - add 's'

Fem. Singular - add 'e'

Fem. Plural - add 'es'

For example;

J'ai connu les filles il y a un mois - I met the girls last month

Here, there is no agreement with the feminine plural direct object and the past participle of connaitre as the direct object arrives after the past participle.

However;

Je les ai connues il y a un mois - I met them (the girls) last month

Here, the femenine plural 'es' ending has been added to the past participle 'connu' to adhere to the preceding direct object rule as the pronoun arrives before the past participle.

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2 years ago

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