Currently unavailable: for new students
Degree: French and Italian (Bachelors) - Oxford, Pembroke College University
|Extended Project Qualification||A Level||£20 /hr|
|French||A Level||£20 /hr|
|English Language||GCSE||£18 /hr|
|English Literature||GCSE||£18 /hr|
|History (Early Modern)||A-Level||A|
|Before 12pm||12pm - 5pm||After 5pm|
Please get in touch for more detailed availability
Archie (Student) August 13 2016
Pierre (Student) January 2 2016
Subhaan (Student) September 15 2016
James (Parent) August 23 2016
If you know how to form the passé composé and how to form the conditional, then you're only one step away from knowing how to form the conditional past.
I'm going to start with je mange and explain how to form the conditional past with it.
Step 1) What auxiliary verb does it take?
manger takes avoir in the passé composé
the same rule applies if the verb in question takes être as an auxiliary in the passé composé
Step 2) Conjugate this into the conditional mood
for the singular first person, avoir becomes aurais
Step 3) Add the past participle of your verb
the past participle of manger is mangé
if your verb uses être, the past participle follows the same gender & quantity agreement rules as in the passé composé
Step 4) Put together the subject pronoun, the auxiliary verb (in the conditional) and the past participle:
j' + aurais + mangé
Subject pronoun + avoir/être in the conditional mood + past participle (with être agreement if necessary)
And you're done!
'Si' clauses are sometimes known as conditionals. They're used to introduce a hypothetical action which is based on another action. For example, s'il fait beau, je sors - if it is sunny, I go out. Here, the going out is dependent on the weather being nice.
There are three types of 'si' clauses:
1) Potentiel - in these, the second action could happen.
- present + present
S'il fait beau, je sors - If it is sunny, I go out.
- present + future
S'il fait beau, je sortirai - If it is sunny, I will go out.
- present + imperative
S'il fait beau, sors - If it is sunny, go out!
- passé composé + present/future/imperative
Si tu l'as vu, tu dois me dire - If you have seen it, you must tell me
Si tu l'as vu, tu devras me dire plus tard - If you have seen it, you will have to tell me later
Si tu l'as vu, dites-moi! - If you have seen it, tell me!
2) Iréel du présent - in these, the second action is unlikely
- imperfect + conditional
S'il faisait beau, je sortirais - If it was sunny, I would go out
3) Iréel du passé - in these, the second action is now impossible, given the first didn't happen
- pluperfect + conditional past
S'il avait fait beau, je serais sortie - If it had been sunny, I would have gone out
And there you have it, 'si' clauses! Quick final note: the 'si' part does not need to be first in the sentence, just like in English - we say 'I would have gone out if it had been sunny' just as we say 'if it had been sunny, I would have gone out'. The verb that follows the 'si' stays in the same tense as above, just swap the two halves around!