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Nicole (Student) March 17 2016
Translating is more about communicating the message of the sentence than translating it word for word. Spanish sentences often have a different syntax (word-order) than English ones, so read the whole sentence first, and rather than trying to translate it directly into English, try and think of how you would communicate the same message if you had never seen the Spanish version. Remember, your sentence must always make sense in the language you are translating into.
Below is a simple example:
"El perro de mi madre" would literally translate as "The dog of my mum", but you wouldn't say it like that in English, you would say "My mum's dog". This way, you are communicating exactly the same message as in the Spanish sentence, but saying it in a much more naturally English way.
*TOP TIP* - Remember to look for clues that suggest the tone/formality of the sentence you are translating. For example, if you see "usted", your English sentence should be written in a formal style. Also, if you see the subjunctive mood being used, you should take care to communicate this in the indicative in English, as we do not have any direct translations for the subjunctive mood.see more
The introduction is where you would be talking about why you're interested in the subject you have chosen to study. This could be a topic area you particularly enjoyed, or another experience that led to you wanting to study it. I would avoid the cliché words like 'passionate' - universities are sick of them. Give yourself credit where it's due and use a narrative style that is pleasant to read, but this overly floral type of language can be quite repellent and doesn't say much about you. Instead, try detailing things you did to further your knowledge in the area. Reading books, watching relevant TV shows and researching non-specification material are all excellent ways to show you genuinely love your subject, and show that you're capable of independent study, too.see more
They provide a rich source of qualitative information and they often present an opportunity to research rare disorders or situations otherwise unethical to study. They may also offer some insight on how to conduct further research in the area.
They can be invasive and potentially inappropriate, the cannot be generalised to the rest of the population and therefore have low ecological validity, they are very time consuming, they have low reliability because they are nearly impossible to replicate, and they could be subject to investigator bias because the researcher may become attached to the participant.
*TOP TIP* - The words in bold are great key words you can use to impress the examiner in your essays.
When you are evaluating research methods, you must talk about them in terms of their ecological validity.see more