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Degree: Archaeology (Bachelors) - Durham University
|Italian||A Level||£20 /hr|
|Latin||A Level||£20 /hr|
|Classics Diploma di Maturità||A-Level||81/100|
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Louise (Parent) May 11 2016
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The form cum+subjunctive can be translated with four different clauses: temporal, circumstantial, concessive and causal. The translation of the subjunctive depends on the verb tense of the main clause (consecutio temporum). When the main verb is a present indicative, a future indicative or a future perfect indicative (primary sequence), the subjunctive will be either present to indicate a contemporary action or perfect to indicate an earlier one. On the other side, if the main verb is an imperfect indicative, a perfect indicative or a pluperfect indicative, the subjunctive will be either imperfect for a contemporary action or pluperfect for a previous one. The subjunctive can be translated into English with the -ing form if the verb tense is present or imperfect subjunctive; when there is a perfect or pluperfect subjunctive, the perfect gerund can be used.see more
To show respect to the person you are referring to, in Italian it is important to use the third singular form "lei" instead of the second singular one "tu";as a consequence, all the adjectives, pronouns and verbs will be inflected and conjugated according to this.
For instance, the phrase "I am sorry, but I disagree with your opinion." will be "Mi scusi, ma non sono d'accordo con lasua opinione." instead of "Scusami, ma non sono d'accordo con la tua opinione."
In addition to this, there are also specific words to avoid when using the formal form, such as "Ciao", which can be easily substituted with "Salve", "Buongiorno", "Buonasera", etc...see more