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Degree: Law with French (Bachelors) - Bristol University
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A possessive adjective is something that is used in French to show WHO something or someone belongs to. In English the equivalent would be 'my', 'your'. So for example:
'My' bag. ('My' is the possessive adjective in this case).
In French, this would be 'mon' sac.
However, in French it gets a little more complicated, because of the fact that their nouns (aka their words which describe things, or people), are either MASCULINE, FEMININE or PLURAL.
This means that when you use a possessive adjective, it has to AGREE with the noun you are describing.
So 'mon' sac uses the word 'mon', because 'sac' is MASCULINE.
In contrast, the word 'trousse' (pencilcase) is FEMININE. Therefore, if you wanted to say: 'my pencilcase,' you would have to use the feminine version of 'my', which is MA.
Therefore, 'my pencilcase' becomes 'ma trousse.'
Another example of PLURAL use of a possessive adjective would be the following:
If you wanted to describe:
'my sweets', because the word sweets is PLURAL (aka, you have MULTIPLE SWEETS), you would have to use the possessive adjective 'MES.'
Therefore, 'my sweets' would become 'mes bonbons.'
Take a look at this gcse bitesize table to help you out with all the different forms fo possessive adjectives! http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/french/grammar/possessivead/possesiveadjectiverev1.shtmlsee more
The subjunctive is a mood used in French to express emotions or ideas which are uncertain or subjective. Examples include to express doubt, emotions or will/ wanting.
There isn't really an English equivalent any more, except for the odd few phrases, such as 'If I were' rather than 'if I was.' This is why English students find it particularly difficult to wrap their head around the concept, but unfortunately it can't be avoided because the French actually do use it all the time!
The subjunctive in French only appears either in the present tense, or in the past tense (passé composé), and has certain endings to match.
Another really important thing to remember is that the subjunctive very rarely appears without a 'trigger', and is therefore nearly always found in dependent clauses introduced by que or qui. For example: 'il faut que j'aille (present subjunctive of avoir), or 'je ne pense pas que je doive y aller' (present subjunctive of devoir). Unfortunately there is no shortcut to remembering the majority of these triggers, and they simply have to be learnt through study and endless practice!see more