Currently unavailable: for regular students
Degree: Cognitive Neuroscience (Masters) - York University
I am a Masters student at the University of York, ahving finished my BSc in Psychology there last year.
Obviously, I am interested in Psychology (or I wouldn't have chosen it as my degree) so I can provide in-depth discussions about psychology topics. I also have science, English and History qualifications and an interest in all of these, so I will be effusive and enthusiastic when teaching you.
I'm a patient and friendly teacher. During my time at university, I voluneered as a teaching assistant so I have helped out in English and History classrooms.
I will tailor the sessions to what you need from our sessions, be it general knowledge, exam techniques or help remembering vocab.
I will use a variety of techniques to improve your knowledge of the topis, keeping them as interactive as possible
You can contact me via this website, either via the messaging service or through the 'Meet the Tutor' section. Please tell me your exam board and what, in particular, you're struggling with.
I look forward to hearing from you soon!
|Biology||A Level||£20 /hr|
|English Literature||A Level||£20 /hr|
|History||A Level||£20 /hr|
|Psychology||A Level||£20 /hr|
|English Literature||GCSE||£18 /hr|
|Before 12pm||12pm - 5pm||After 5pm|
Please get in touch for more detailed availability
Cherlyn (Student) June 29 2016
Gothic literature is a genre of literature that developed from Romanticism in the 18th century, with The Castle of Otranto widely regarded as the first of its kind. The genre has many 'tropes', sterotypes or common features.
Setting: The setting could often be considered 'wild', for instance the Yorkshire moors in Wuthering Heights or the Arctic tundra where Frankenstein and his monster end up in Frankenstein. Alternatively, imposing medieval castles can form a basis for the novel or story, as is the case in the eponymous story in The Bloody Chamber and other stories by Angela Carter, The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole or Dracula's home in Dracula - which also receives bonus points for starring a ruined abbey at night!
Also, take note of the weather. These wild places often have wild storms, mirroring the characters situation - for instance, in Macbeth Scotland suffers from horrendous storms as Macbeth's tyranny and Lady Macbeth's insanity spiral out of control.
The supernatural: A core part of any gothic novel, there are two ways of handling it. Ann Radcliffe pioneered the explained supernatural in which the supposedly supernatural goings-on of her novels are resolved in a 'normal way' - this is parodied in Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey in which a 'silly' young girl mistakenly believes her friend's father to have locked away his wife.
Alternatively, the supernatural is real. This is evidenced in many, many novels and stories: the witches in Macbeth, the creation of life in Frankenstein and vampires in Dracula and Carmilla.
The antihero: The antihero is a commonly employed device in gothic literature. An antihero is a main character in a novel who does not have the typical heroic attributes. One example is Heathcliff in Wuthering Heights, as he is depicted as cruel and veangeful (not heroic characteristics).
The femme fatale: A femme fatale is a female character, typically beautiful and seductive, who manipulates the male characters into doing her bidding. Lady Macbeth could be considered such a figure, as she manipulates her husband into killing the king which ultimately brings about their downfall.
Angela Carter subverts this trope in her feminist collection of short stories: in The Lady of the House of Love, the vampiress is sad about her succubus nature and need to kill young men to survive.
Religion: Many gothic novels challenge the nature of religion, or at least question it. A prime example of this is Frankenstein, in which Frankenstein becomes God-like in that he manages to create life, but he is then horrified by this act (which could be considered as his horror at challenging or defying God). Frankenstein's monster also reads Paradise Lost later in the novel and sympathises with the Devil, having knowledge of what it's like to be abandoned by his own creator.
In conclusion, there are many different themes and tropes common to gothic literature. Hopefully a few of these will be familiar to you, but there are many many more, such as the innocent and virginal damsel-in-distress, insanity, framing the novel e.g. with editorials and unreliable narrators. See if you can figure out some of these in relation to the books you're studying.
NB: Unfortunately, I didn't have the books to hand whilst writing this so I wasn't able to analyse any quotes. I will update it if I can, but if not I'm happy to go over them with you/do another post about it.
Osmosis is basically the movement of water across a semi-permeable barrier (i.e. a barrier that lets some molecules through but not others - like a cell membrane). Usually, the water muct move down something called a concentration gradient, which I will explain with an example.
Imagine that you have a tank of water, with a semi-permeable barrier splitting it in two. On one side of the tank, the water is 80% pure, but on the other side of the tank the water is only 40% pure. During osmosis, the water molecules will move through the semi-permeable from the area of high concentration (i.e. the 80% side) to the area of low concentration (i.e. the 40% side) until there is an equilibrium (i.e. until there is no overall movement of molecules).
Hope that helps!see more