I am in my first year studying Modern Languages at the University of Nottingham. I’m studying Spanish and Portuguese. I also studied French to A level standard. I gained my love for languages at the age of 8 when I moved to Italy and lived there for 5 years, developing my language skills and becoming fluent in Italian. My aim as a tutor is to make the learning of languages as fun and accessible as possible.
I love working with children and have regularly volunteered at a weekly club for primary school children, so I’m aware of how to interact with children of different ages.
In my tutorials I would like the student to guide what we cover but I believe the best way to learn a language is through encouraging conversation in a natural, informal way. I can also help with the more technical side of language-learning, including all aspects of grammar. My aim is to develop confidence in and enjoyment of the learning of a foreign language.
I look forward to meeting you and helping you.
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Every Spanish noun is either feminine or masculine and follows an article of the same gender.
El / Un (masculine singular article) + masculine singular noun e.g. el chico
Los (masculine plural article) + masculine plural noun e.g. los chicos
La/Una (feminine singular article) + feminine singular noun e.g. la chica
Las (feminine plural article) + feminine plural noun e.g. las chicas
Most masculine nouns end in ‘O’ e.g. el libro
Usually if the noun ends in ‘OR’, ‘ÓN’, ‘ÉS’ or ‘MA’ it is masculine e.g. el jugador, el salón, el estrés, el clima
Most feminine nouns end in ‘A’ e.g. la casa
Usually if the noun ends in ‘TAD’, ‘DAD’, or ‘CIÓN’ it is masculine e.g. la libertad, la ciudad, la educación
As always in Spanish, there are some exceptions, some nouns do not follow the rules.
Here are some of the most common irregulars:
La mano El problema
La foto El día
La moto El mapa
La radio El programa
If the noun ends in a vowel add an ‘-S’ e.g. el perro= los perros
If a noun ends in a consonance add ‘-ES’ e.g. el ordenador= los ordenadores
If a noun ends in –z change the Z to C and add ‘-ES’ e.g.la voz= las vocessee more
The ‘passato prossimo’ tense is the ‘near past’ and the most frequently used past tense in the Italian language, especially used in conversation.
The passato prossimo is formed with the auxiliary ‘To be’ or ‘To have’ + the past participle.
AVERE (TO HAVE)
When to use ESSERE and when to use AVERE
Most verbs in the passato prossimo use the auxiliary AVERE e.g. Carla ha cantato una canzone (Carla sang a song)
The auxiliary ESSERE is used with:
-Verbs of movement
- Verbs of changing state
e.g. Io sono andato a scuola (I went to school)
Elena si è lavata (Elena washed herself)
NB When using the auxiliary TO BE we always AGREE the verb with the gender
Mario è andato a scuola
Maria è andata a scuola
PARTICIPIO PASSATO (Past Participle)
With verbs ending in –ARE, take off the ‘ARE’ and add –ATO e.g. CANTARE= CANTATO
With verbs ending in –ERE take off the ‘ERE’ and add –UTO e.g. AVERE=AVUTO
With verbs ending in –IRE take off the ‘IRE’ and add –ITO e.g. SALIRE=SALITO
As always, there are some irregular past participles. Here are some examples: