I am currently studying a postgraduate degree in Tax Law at the University of Oxford.
I am looking forward to teaching you Law! Law is full of hidden depths and is probably one of the most fascinating subjects out there (though I might be a little biased).
University of Oxford, Faculty of Law, MSc in Taxation (in progress)
University of Exeter, LLB Law, First Class (2016)
* Ranked in top 5% of cohort overall
* Simultaneously studied English Common Law in English and French Civil Law in French
* Highest First Class on record for French Civil Law
* Ranked 4th in year for Company Law
We can approach the material and any questions you have in many ways to enhance your understanding.
I have 80+ hours of tutoring experience.
I taught international students aged between 15 and 17 at an intensive Law School summer preparation course held at the University of Cambridge (course provided by Lite Regal Education).
I will make sure you understand the foundations before we move into the complexities of the subject. I am very friendly. If you do not understand something, please tell me and I will explain it in as many engaging ways as it takes.
My aim is for you to get the most efficient and productive lessons possible.
|Law||A Level||£22 /hr|
|Russian||A Level||£22 /hr|
|-Personal Statements-||Mentoring||£22 /hr|
|Law (LLB)||Bachelors Degree||First Class, top 5%|
|Before 12pm||12pm - 5pm||After 5pm|
Please get in touch for more detailed availability
Assault is conduct on behalf of the defendant that intentionally or recklessly causes the victim to apprehend immidiate and unlawful personal violence. R v Venna  3 All ER 788
You must have all the elements of assault ( in bold above). If any of them fail, assault is not made out.
1. "Conduct": No actual violence is required. Conduct that simply causes apprehension personal violence is enough. e.g. repeated silent telephone calls have been ruled to be sufficient. (R v Ireland; R v Burstow  4 All ER 225 ) The conduct element does not require physical action and words or, as in R v Ireland, silence alone are sufficient. What particulair form the words take (whether they are spoken to the victim or written) is of no relevance as long as they cause the apprehension of unlawful violence. (Schiemann LJ in R v Constanza  2 Cr App Rep 492)
2. "Intentionally or recklessly"
"Intentionally" in the context of assault means deliberately. "Recklessly" can be distilled down to the defendant seeing the possibility of the risk and taking that risk anyway. In the context of assault, the defendant must foresse the possibility (even if very slight) that the victim may apprehend unlawful personal violence and take that risk.
Remember, that the prosecution must prove that the defendant saw the risk and took it anyway because recklessness is subjective (i.e. it is not enough to prove that the jury foresaw the risk). R v Cunningham  2 All ER 412 and R v G and another  UKHL 50,
3. “Apprehend” is expect but not necessarily fear
"Apprehension" is not synonymous with “fear” as it is possible to apprehend personal violence without fearing it and vice versa. Though they seem very close, R v Venna focuses on “apprehension” and not “fear”.
4."Immidiate" personal violence
This has been interpreted broadly. The immediacy requirement was satisfied in R v Ireland (above) by conduct that caused the victim to apprehend violence "within a minute or two" (see R v Ireland above).
5. Threat must be unlawful
The threat will not be unlawful if made in self-defence or with consent of the victim.see more