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This is a very common question to get confused over as they are similar ideas. It is important to remember that reincarnation is a Hindu belief while rebirth is a Buddhist one. both ideas are based on the religions' beliefs about the sould and the afterlife. They do not believe in an afterlife involving heaven or hell but in samsara. This is an endless cycle in which all humans are trapped, death is simply the beginning of the next life.
Hindus believe that each person has a permanent soul within them which is their true essence. When they die, this essence is transferred from one body to the next. This means it is still essentially the same person in the next life. In extremely rare cases, some Hindus claim to be able to remember their past lives.
Buddhists, on the other hand, believe that nothing is ever permanent (this idea is called anicca). Therefore they reject the idea of a permanent soul which moves from life to life. They say it is just their karmic merit (the good or bad results of their actions in this life) that transfers to the next life. The next life is somehow related but is not essentially the same as the last one. This idea is highly complicated and even many Buddhists struggle to get their heads around it!see more
This question refers to arguments about the existence of God. The God we normally think about in the west is supposed to have several characteristics. He is:
However, it is easy to observe that there is much evil in the world. how can a god who has all the trait above allow evil to flourish in the world? This is called the 'inconsistent triad'. Innocent people die in earthquakes, does this mean he does not love them? Or he does not have the power to stop the erathquake? Or he does not know about the earthquake?
Whichever way you look at it, one of his characteristics must always be compromised due to the problem of evil.
This is one of the strongest arguments used by many to suggest that God does not exist.
However, there are also many counter arguments. For example, many argue that we cannot understand God as he is far greater than us, he 'acts in mysterious ways' but we must accept there is a reason. Another argument is that it does not disprove God entirely, just the God of the Bible.
Whether or not you like this argument, it is a very central one in the debate over the existence of God.see more