Almog A. IB Economics tutor, IB History tutor, GCSE Maths tutor, GCSE...

Almog A.

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Degree: Economics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

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About me

About Me:


Hi! My name is Almog Adir and I am currently in my first year studying Economics at the University of Bristol. I come from an international background having gone to both an international school and a British public school.  This diverse background makes me friendly, approachable, and patient!


I have had experience in one-to-one tutoring and I am now looking to help more students with my expertise! I am most passionate about economics, having written study guides for fellow students, actively write an economics blog, and study it at university!


Outside of academics I have worked as an assistant sailing instructor during my Easter and summer holidays. This has given me valuable experience in teaching from an age range of 8 to 18, whether it was practical skills or sailing theory. I feel that this experience will help me deliver an engaging and useful tutorial program.


How Will The Sessions Work?


I am a firm believer in visual engagement and problem solving during tutorials. Rather than delivering a one hour lecture I feel that by supplementing the material with examples and questions builds the foundation blocks of understanding, which then enables students to approach and answer more complex problems. As well as giving them the confidence and ability to approach new questions effectively, similar to that of an exam scenario.


I hope to deliver an engaging session that will also be fun! In the end you will be able to explain any of the concepts back to me, and be able to approach the problems with greater confidence!


What Else Can I Help You With?


I am also very happy to help with university application and personal statements. I am especially strong in the History Aptitude Test, and academic interview preparation!  


What Next?


Please tell me what areas you are having trouble with, and at what level whether that is GCSE, A-Level, or IB.


Feel free to contact me through “WebMail” or book a “Meet The Tutor Session”. Looking forward to meeting you!

Subjects offered

English Literature GCSE £18 /hr
Maths GCSE £18 /hr
Economics IB £20 /hr
History IB £20 /hr


EconomicsInternational Baccalaureate (IB)7
HistoryInternational Baccalaureate (IB)7
PhysicsInternational Baccalaureate (IB)6
MathsInternational Baccalaureate (IB)6
EnglishInternational Baccalaureate (IB)6
Spanish AbInternational Baccalaureate (IB)7
IB Theory of KnowledgeInternational Baccalaureate (IB)A
Extended EssayInternational Baccalaureate (IB)B
History Aptitude TestUni admission testPass
Disclosure and Barring Service

CRB/DBS Standard


CRB/DBS Enhanced


Questions Almog has answered

How does GDP perform as an indicator of economic welfare?

It can be argued that gross domestic product does not actually do a good job of what we most often use it to display: growth. There are some key aspects that are ignored through the use of GDP as a marker for the growth and welfare of an economy. It is important to clarify that growth is not n...

It can be argued that gross domestic product does not actually do a good job of what we most often use it to display: growth. There are some key aspects that are ignored through the use of GDP as a marker for the growth and welfare of an economy. It is important to clarify that growth is not necessarily good if there is the exploitation of land, labour, and capital. This is because the main aim of the economy is the provision of our welfare, so people are employed, stable prices, and sustainable growth.

Gross Domestic Product can be defined as:

The market value of all the goods and products produced or provided within a country at a given moment in time.

There are various ways to determine the GDP of a country, there is the expenditure approach or the production approach. The expenditure approach is:

GDP = private consumption + gross investment + government spending + (exports-imports)

This identifies the first issue in which GDP fails to accurately measure the welfare of an economy. The calculation of GDP at no point involves whether or not the welfare of the people has improved, GDP is used as an indicator of a standard of living because the central variables tend to attribute towards factors that improves people’s welfare within an economy. GDP should be considered as an indicator of economic activity.

The measurement of gross domestic product is considered to have externalities; in this case it is the recognition of the factors that attribute to welfare and standard of living that the measurement ignores.

  • The first issue is wealth distribution; GDP does not describe whether or not the people are truly benefitting from economic growth. This can be seen in countries such as Qatar where an insignificant percentage of the population hold all the wealth of the country, but the wealth is significant due to oil trade. Due to the manners in which GDP can be calculated it does not show whether or not growth is actually improving the welfare of the people.
  • Gross domestic product does not include non-market transactions. Examples of non-market transaction can be noted as volunteer work, where work is done by the good will of people. There is also the example of open software programmes such as Linux which has developed our approach to coding and programming even though Linux is run as a volunteer programme. Factors such as volunteer work greatly benefit society and improve the general standard of living and gross domestic fails to recognise this because it is based on wholly economic activity.
  • Non-monetary & black markets fail to be identified as a part of the economic activity in a country that would attribute to GDP. Many undeveloped economies rely on non-monetary economies, this means that trade is done through swapping goods, rather than the employment of debt instruments and banknotes. This means that the economic activity and possible welfare of people in undeveloped countries may be underestimated if based around gross domestic product. There is also the existence of black markets, which consists of trade of illegal goods or the ability to evade tax, and as a result there is the underestimation of GDP.
  • Another difficulty with attributing GDP to economic welfare is the issue of what is being produced. For example if many people were getting sick and required healthcare there would be a boost in GDP as this would account for economic activity, however this obviously does not concern welfare as it would be better if the people did not become ill in the first place. This can be summarised as uneconomic growth where economic growth brings about a decrease in the quality of life. This can be applied to the issue of using fossil fuels for energy; even though increased energy consumption usually corresponds with growth it may mean more pollution and adverse and harmful effects to our environment.
  • Finally, there is the issue of sustainable economic growth. There are many historic examples where there was a boost in GDP due to the discovery of new resources or the re-utilization of land or capital. However this growth would not be sustainable due to the scarcity of those resources. This would incur the miscalculation of GDP, and again fail to represent the welfare of the economy.

The use of gross domestic product can be useful to give a holistic view of a countries economy, however when looking at the welfare of an economy it fails to be an effective indicator because it does not involve factors such as happiness, and non-monetary activity within that country which directly attribute to peoples standard of living. This is why there are other approaches to the welfare of an economy such as the Human Development Index (HDI) or Gross National Happiness (GNH). The main issue with attempting to indicate a level of welfare within a country is that factors such as environmental sustainability can be difficult at times to quantify, and equally so with happiness. However, the dependence of GDP to indicate welfare of an economy and growth is becoming an outdated concept

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3 years ago

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