MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

892 views

How is the genitive used in Ancient Greek?

 In broad terms the genitive ‘limits the meaning of substantives, adjectives, and adverbs, less commonly that of verbs’ (Smyth §1289); historically speaking it has absorbed some functions of the lost ablative case and so often denotes separation, where we then find the ideas of comparison, cause, and source. This is also where we find ‘absolute’ syntax in the genitive absolute since such clauses are felt to be ‘free from’ (< ab + solvo) the main syntax of the sentence (see Smyth §2075 on the origin of the construction). But the genitive can also denote part, quality, material, measure, value, ‘time within which’, etc., all relationships that English might normally express with ‘of’ (which is connected to ἀπό and ab).

 

Theser are the types of genitives that are found in Greek:

 

 The genitive of separation is normally found with a preposition (e.g. ἀπό or ἐκ) or prepositional prefix in Classical Greek, but it can be found with other words that imply separation,

 The genitive of comparison can be used in lieu of a comparative clause introduced by the conjunction ἤ than. Note that if the conjunction ἤ is used then the two words being compared will be in the same case. Naturally comparative forms very frequently introduce a genitive of comparison,

 

 Some simple partitive genitives (note that superlatives are common with this genitive) i.e. the best of the men or one of the children.

 

The genitive of time (within which) denotes a space of time within which some action takes place, e.g. νυκτὸς μέσης ἦλθον: I came in the middle of the night

 

The possessive genitive is self-explanatory

 

With the terms subjective genitive and objective genitive we distinguish between a genitive as the active agent (= ‘subject’) and the recipient (= ‘object’) of the action implied. Where ambiguity arises there is room to recognise such as a stylistic feature.

 

In keeping with many of these uses the genitive follows many adjectives (e.g. αἴτιος, ἄξιος, μεστός and πλήρης) and verbs

Aiden M. GCSE Classical Greek tutor, A Level Classical Greek tutor, G...

2 years ago

Answered by Aiden, an A Level Classical Greek tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

15 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£26 /hr

Maria P.

Degree: Classics (Masters) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Latin+ 5 more

Classical Greek
Latin
History
French
English Literature
English Language

“Passion, patience and persistence: the 3 keys we will use to unlock your confidence and exam technique!”

Calum M. A Level Latin tutor, GCSE Classical Greek tutor, 13 Plus  La...
£20 /hr

Calum M.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Oxford, Trinity College University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Latin+ 3 more

Classical Greek
Latin
History
German
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Classics BA First Class Honours, Trinity College, Oxford. Tutoring Latin, Ancient Greek and History”

MyTutor guarantee

|  2 completed tutorials

£20 /hr

Jennifer G.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Maths+ 4 more

Classical Greek
Maths
Latin
Extended Project Qualification
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hi! I'm Jennifer, a third year Classics student at St John's College, Cambridge, with lots of experience tutoring Latin, Greek and Maths.”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Aiden M.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Physics+ 2 more

Classical Greek
Physics
Maths
Latin

“Hey, I'm Aiden, an approachable first year classicist at Cambridge. Although I am most experienced and enthusiastic about the classical languages and applications to Classics, I am also adept in Physics and Maths.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other A Level Classical Greek questions

How does aspect work in Greek?

How was Sophism portrayed in contemporary Greek literature?

How are you qualified to teach Classical Greek at A Level?

Testing a question

View A Level Classical Greek tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok