MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

572 views

How is the perfect passive participle formed and used in Latin?

The perfect passive participle is found in the fourth column of principal parts tables. It is formed differently in each conjugation:

First: -atus (amatus)

Second: -itus/irregular (monitus)

Third: mostly irregular

Fourth: -itus (auditus)

Those parts that are irregular must be learned through principal parts tables. All parts are declined like a 1st/2nd declension adjective.

When translating a perfect passive participle, we must bear in mind its tense and voice. It is a prior action and passive. Therefore it is translated literally as 'having been'.

The participle always agrees in case, gender and number with the noun it is describing.

Eg.

urbem captam incenderunt - they burned the having-been-captured city

Or:

they burned the city that had been captured

Or better:

they captured and burned the city

The PPP can also be used as part of an ablative absolute.

The ablative absolute usually has a noun and participle agreeing in number and gender in the ablative case.

It is translated literally as 'with the NOUN having been VERB-ed,...'

Eg. urbe capta, rex discessit.

With the city having been captured, the king left.

This can be improved in a number of ways depending on the sense:

After he captured the city, the king...

When/since he captured the city, the king...

Having captured the city, the king...

In order to determine the best translation of an ablative absolute, you must look to the context within the sentence/passage.

 

 

 

Hope D. GCSE Classical Greek tutor, A Level Classical Greek tutor, GC...

2 years ago

Answered by Hope, a GCSE Latin tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

22 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Charles B.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Latin, Maths+ 1 more

Latin
Maths
Classical Civilisation

“About me I'm a passionate classicist particularly focused on ancient military warfare  currently studying classics at Durham University. I've been studying Latin and  Ancient History since I was 9 years old, picking up Ancient Greek at ...”

£18 /hr

George H.

Degree: BA History (Bachelors) - Oxford, Lincoln College University

Subjects offered: Latin, History+ 4 more

Latin
History
Economics
.HAT.
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“About me: Hello, my name is George and I'm an undergraduate reading History at Oxford. My aim is to be as approachable and patient as possible, explaining concepts with as much clarity as needed and encouraging you to have confidence ...”

£20 /hr

Maria P.

Degree: Classics (Masters) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered: Latin, History+ 5 more

Latin
History
French
English Literature
English Language
Classical Greek

“INTRODUCTION A self-motivated and conscientious multilingual Classics student at the University of Edinburgh, with a passion for the Arts and Humanities.  EXAMINATION BOARDS AND SUBJECTS TAUGHT I can assist pupils studying the follow...”

About the author

Hope D.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Oxford, Balliol College University

Subjects offered: Latin, Classical Greek

Latin
Classical Greek

“First year Classicist at Oxford - happy to help all ages and abilities with Latin and/or Greek!”

You may also like...

Other GCSE Latin questions

Athenodorus legit titulum auditoque pretio, quia suspecta vilitas: What was Athenodorus suspicious about?

'The good are rewarded fairly and the bad are punished fairly.' How far do you think this is true in the works of Ovid, Virgil and Plautus you have studied?

How do you translate the pluperfect tense?

What is an indirect question? How do I identify it?

View GCSE Latin tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok