MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

551 views

What is the difference between Perfective and Imperfective verbs?

Words in Russian language have very expressive morphology – that is their certain parts add to the meaning. For example, the word читать is different from прочитать, although they both have to do with reading. The first one is Imperfective aspect, and the second is Perfective. To put it more simple, Imperfective describes the process. Я буду читать книгу (I will be reading a book) indicates the ongoing action with unknown result. I will be reading it for some time, it is the process that I am interested in. It can also be a habitual action: я читаю книгу каждый день (I read a book every day).

Now if you say я прочитаю книгу (I will read a book), you are interested in a result. You indicate that you are committed to finish it.

The verbs in Perfective aspects usually have prefixes that are missing in Imperfective. For example, it will be выпить – to drink (Perfective) as opposed to пить (Imperfective), сделать – to do (Perfective) and делать (Imperfective).

The most common prefixes would be

Про, по, с, на, вы, при.

However, there are few exceptions, as some verbs change their form completely. For example, the verb to take is брать in Imperfective and взять in Perfective. 

In addition to that, some verbs have different suffixes as opposed to prefixes - parts of the word closer to an end. For example, it is решать - to decide (Imperfective) and решить (Perfective). 

Nadezda Z. A Level Russian tutor, GCSE Russian tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Nadezda, an A Level Russian tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

14 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Sophia H.

Degree: Biomedical Sciences (Bachelors) - Cardiff University

Subjects offered:Russian, Maths+ 1 more

Russian
Maths
English

“Hopeful doctor in the making looking to help you reach your goals! I'm interested in everything so I am sure we will have something in common. ”

Eleanor F. GCSE French tutor, 13 Plus  French tutor, A Level French t...
£22 /hr

Eleanor F.

Degree: MML- French and Russian (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Russian, History+ 2 more

Russian
History
French
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“I am a 21 year old languages student at the University of Cambridge. I speak French and Russian and am hugely passionate about all things international!”

£20 /hr

Aleksandra P.

Degree: Psychology (Bachelors) - Lancaster University

Subjects offered:Russian, Psychology

Russian
Psychology

“First-class Psychology student at a Top Ten University. I am happy to help students with both Russian language and Psychology modules.”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Nadezda Z.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: English Literary Studies (Masters) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Russian

Russian

“I am a postgraduate student in English Literary Studies at the University of Exeter. Languages, books and linguistics are my passion. I do writing both fiction and journalistic works, learn foreign languages and share my skills with o...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Nadezda

What are cases for and why are they important?

What is the difference between Perfective and Imperfective verbs?

Other A Level Russian questions

Youth Culture and Concerns

What is the difference between unidirectional verbs and multidirectional verbs of motion?

How does reported speech work in Russian?

What is the difference between unidirectional and multidirectional verbs of motion and when should I use them?

View A Level Russian tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok