MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

318 views

What are cases for and why are they important?

Cases in Russian is one of the most common pitfalls that students encounter during the learning process. While you can master intermediate or even advanced vocabulary, it might be still difficult to use the words with appropriate endings in a sentence.

First of all, you need to get your head around the concept. Interestingly enough, long time ago English language also used cases system. It became unnecessary later and naturally died out, because English language, unlike Russian, has a fixed word order. "A boy gave a sweet to a girl" is мальчик дал девочке конфету in Russian, but it can also be девочке мальчик дал конфету, and even конфету мальчик дал девочке. Just to show you how bad things can be, I'll give you yet another version of the same sentence: конфету девочке дал мальчик. Without according endings, it would be hard to understand what is going on in the sentence - who gave what to whom. When you know that the ending -е for feminine nouns corresponds to a Dative case, you also know that it signifies a receiver. Therefore, you will know that it is a girl who actually receives a sweet.

Actually, some remnants of the old cases system are well known to you. These are the pronouns her, him, them, me, us. We use them when they appear as an object in the sentence. The same is in Russian – we need cases whenever the word is an object, when there is some action applied to it.

So, the cases are important in order to convey the meaning and make sure that you are understood. They indicate a function and a relationship of the words in a sentence.

Nadezda Z. A Level Russian tutor, GCSE Russian tutor

1 year ago

Answered by Nadezda, an A Level Russian tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

6 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Henry B.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Russian, Maths+ 1 more

Russian
Maths
Latin

“I am currently studying French and Russian at Durham University - two languages that I have been really interested in for a long time now and the ultimate goal of my tutoring is to spread my passion for these subjects (and indeed the ...”

MyTutor guarantee

£24 /hr

James H.

Degree: MA Translation (Masters) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Russian, French

Russian
French

“Passionate final year postgraduate offering French and Russian tuition to GCSE and A-level students of all abilities”

£20 /hr

Viktoriya L.

Degree: accounting and finance (Bachelors) - LSE University

Subjects offered: Russian, Maths+ 5 more

Russian
Maths
Mandarin
History
Economics
Accounting
-Personal Statements-

“Hello, My name is Viktoriya. I am a first year student at the London school of Economics and Poliical science studying accounting and finance. I am passionate about maths and finance in particular and wish to convey this passion to yo...”

About the author

Nadezda Z.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: English Literary Studies (Masters) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Russian

Russian

“I am a postgraduate student in English Literary Studies at the University of Exeter. Languages, books and linguistics are my passion. I do writing both fiction and journalistic works, learn foreign languages and share my skills with o...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Nadezda

What are cases for and why are they important?

What is the difference between Perfective and Imperfective verbs?

Other A Level Russian questions

Youth Culture and Concerns

How does reported speech work in Russian?

What is the difference between unidirectional and multidirectional verbs of motion and when should I use them?

What is the difference between unidirectional verbs and multidirectional verbs of motion?

View A Level Russian tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok