MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

886 views

What is the gender schema theory?

Schema-a schema is a mental representation of an aspect of the world. Stereotype is a word often used instead of schema. For example if I asked you to write down all the words you would associate with an athletic person the words you write are your schemas. Unlike a stereotype though a schema also involves expectations. 

The gender schema theory was created by Martin. and Halverton. They state that children learn schemas related to gender through the media, parents and other children. Once the child has the schema it organises information that is presented to them e.g. They learn the appropriate toys to play with based on gender. 

Martin and Halverton also talked about ingroups and outgroups in their theory. An ingroup refers to a group which someone identifies with, so for example if you're a girl you'll identify with the ingroup of girls. Whereas an outgroup is a group that for some reason isn't accepted e.g. If you re a girl the out group would be boys. Once the child has identified with their ingroup they then begin to negatively evaluate the outgroup and positively evaluate the ingroup. So this leads to the child wanting to be more like their ingroup and less like their outgroup, so a young girl would want to wear pink and play with dolls to be more like the girl ingroup and play less sport to not be like the outgroup of boys. 

An important aspect of this theory is resilience of gender beliefs which can explain why children's gender beliefs are so strong. Children ignore information that doesn't fit their gender schemas, for example of they saw a video of a man being a nurse they would ignore that information so their schema doesn't change.

Rebecca A. A Level Psychology tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Rebecca, an A Level Psychology tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

34 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£24 /hr

Nish S.

Degree: Psychology (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Religious Studies+ 2 more

Psychology
Religious Studies
Philosophy and Ethics
-Personal Statements-

“I am a first year Psychology Student at the University of Exeter and have always been intrigued by human cognition and behaviour, this is reinforced by my passion for science and I hope that I can introduce this to you. Having only ...”

£20 /hr

India P.

Degree: Psychology (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Sociology+ 1 more

Psychology
Sociology
-Personal Statements-

“About Me: I​'m a psychology student at Durham University who is also taking modules in sociology. I have a love for social sciences not only because they're interesting but also highly applicable to real life, and sometimes even cont...”

£22 /hr

Matilde W.

Degree: Psychology (Bachelors) - Southampton University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Law+ 2 more

Psychology
Law
French
-Personal Statements-

“About Me Hi there!  I am an undergraduate student, studying Psychology at the University of Southampton. I have a real enthusiasm for Psychology, which I am sure will be projected in tutorial sessions. I have read several academic ps...”

About the author

Rebecca A.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: Applied Psychology (clinical) (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Psychology

Psychology

“Hello!My name is Rebecca and I am an Undergraduate Student at the University of Exeterstudying a BSc Applied Clinical Psychology degree. I have been on the other side of tutoring throughout my schooling and would love to help those wh...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Rebecca

How does the social learning theory explain aggressive behaviour?

What is the gender schema theory?

Other A Level Psychology questions

What is the difference between reliability and validity?

Describe the social exchange theory.

What is the difference between an independent variable (IV) and a dependent variable (DV)?

Describe the different types of extraneous variables.

View A Level Psychology tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok