MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

754 views

What is the gender schema theory?

Schema-a schema is a mental representation of an aspect of the world. Stereotype is a word often used instead of schema. For example if I asked you to write down all the words you would associate with an athletic person the words you write are your schemas. Unlike a stereotype though a schema also involves expectations. 

The gender schema theory was created by Martin. and Halverton. They state that children learn schemas related to gender through the media, parents and other children. Once the child has the schema it organises information that is presented to them e.g. They learn the appropriate toys to play with based on gender. 

Martin and Halverton also talked about ingroups and outgroups in their theory. An ingroup refers to a group which someone identifies with, so for example if you're a girl you'll identify with the ingroup of girls. Whereas an outgroup is a group that for some reason isn't accepted e.g. If you re a girl the out group would be boys. Once the child has identified with their ingroup they then begin to negatively evaluate the outgroup and positively evaluate the ingroup. So this leads to the child wanting to be more like their ingroup and less like their outgroup, so a young girl would want to wear pink and play with dolls to be more like the girl ingroup and play less sport to not be like the outgroup of boys. 

An important aspect of this theory is resilience of gender beliefs which can explain why children's gender beliefs are so strong. Children ignore information that doesn't fit their gender schemas, for example of they saw a video of a man being a nurse they would ignore that information so their schema doesn't change.

Rebecca A. A Level Psychology tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Rebecca, an A Level Psychology tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

27 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£30 /hr

Jessica-Lily H.

Degree: MRes Experimental Neuroscience (Masters) - Imperial College London University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Biology

Psychology
Biology

“Top tutor from a world leading university- ready to do all I can to help you get your head around that tricky subject!”

£22 /hr

Michaela R.

Degree: Psychology BsC (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Geography+ 3 more

Psychology
Geography
Extended Project Qualification
English
Biology

“About Me: I am a Psychology student at Durham University. I love how the subject helps us to understand ourselves and the world around us. I hope that my tutorials will make you fall in love with Psychology like I have! It is so vast ...”

£30 /hr

Sarah T.

Degree: PGCE (Masters) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Maths+ 1 more

Psychology
Maths
Chemistry

“About me: In 2015 I graduated from Durham University. Whilst there I had the most amazing time studying Psychology, Chemistry and Education. Science has always interested me and I find it fascinating how we can use scientific methods ...”

About the author

Rebecca A.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: Applied Psychology (clinical) (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Psychology

Psychology

“Hello!My name is Rebecca and I am an Undergraduate Student at the University of Exeterstudying a BSc Applied Clinical Psychology degree. I have been on the other side of tutoring throughout my schooling and would love to help those wh...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Rebecca

How does the social learning theory explain aggressive behaviour?

What is the gender schema theory?

Other A Level Psychology questions

1. What are the key approaches, issues and debates in psychology and how can I include them in my essays? (AQA)

What is meant by the terms nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio data and why is it important to know the difference between the four terms?

What is the difference between reliability and validity?

What is the difference between a structured interview and an unstructured interview, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?

View A Level Psychology tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok