Describe stage 4 of the Demographic Transition Model.
The Demographic Transition Model (DTM) shows how birth and death rate affect population. Stage 4 of the model is called the 'low fluctuating' stage and reflects the current situation of EMDCs such as France and the UK. In this stage both the birth rate and death rate fall, the birth rate more rapidly, to roughly even out. Both the birth rate and the death rate now fluctuate at a low level resulting in a stable or slowly growing population in contrast to the rapidly growing population resulting in stages 2 and 3.