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Explain the relationship between Fortuna and Virtus in Ceasar

In Ceasar's speech after the battle of Dyrrhachium (during the 49 BC - 45 BC Civil War), a battle which supposedly Pompeius won, but with conspicuous casualties on both sides, we see magnifically exeplified the oratio post-cladem. In this specific oratio, Ceasar invited his soldiers to not feel disheartened, because Fortuna ("luck") is on his side. Fortuna can be construed or helped by one's intelligence and sense of moderation, he explains. This is why Virtus and Fortuna are complementary concepts; the first prepares the ground for the advent of the second and when the latter should fail, a man's virtuous action and determination can help him achieve (and bring upon himself) res fortunae (happy events, good things). 

Giulia F. A Level Classical Greek tutor, A Level Latin tutor, A Level...

1 year ago

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Alicia E.

Degree: Classics BA (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Maths+ 2 more

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“Hello! My name is Alicia, most people just call me Alice, I'm happy with either. I am studying Classics at the University of Exeter so I am very much committed to the classical world but still enjoy the subjects I took at A-Level and ...”

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Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

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Classical Civilisation

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Jessica T.

Degree: MA Viking and Anglo Saxon Studies (Masters) - Nottingham University

Subjects offered: Latin, History+ 4 more

Latin
History
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Classical Civilisation
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“About Me Hi, my name is Jess. I am currently doing a Masters at Nottingham University in Viking and Anglo Saxon studies. This sounds like it would be a history course, but it’s actually with the English department as it is very langu...”

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Giulia F.

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Degree: International Relations with History of Art (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Philosophy+ 2 more

Latin
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Italian
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“A bit about me...My name is Giulia and I am a third year International Relations with Art History student at the University of Exeter. My high school Diploma was Humanities-oriented, since I've always had a great fondness for subjects...”

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