Explain the relationship between Fortuna and Virtus in Ceasar

In Ceasar's speech after the battle of Dyrrhachium (during the 49 BC - 45 BC Civil War), a battle which supposedly Pompeius won, but with conspicuous casualties on both sides, we see magnifically exeplified the oratio post-cladem. In this specific oratio, Ceasar invited his soldiers to not feel disheartened, because Fortuna ("luck") is on his side. Fortuna can be construed or helped by one's intelligence and sense of moderation, he explains. This is why Virtus and Fortuna are complementary concepts; the first prepares the ground for the advent of the second and when the latter should fail, a man's virtuous action and determination can help him achieve (and bring upon himself) res fortunae (happy events, good things). 

Giulia F. A Level Classical Greek tutor, A Level Latin tutor, A Level...

1 year ago

Answered by Giulia, an A Level Latin tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


£20 /hr

Alicia E.

Degree: Classics BA (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Maths+ 2 more

English Literature

“Hello! My name is Alicia, most people just call me Alice, I'm happy with either. I am studying Classics at the University of Exeter so I am very much committed to the classical world but still enjoy the subjects I took at A-Level and ...”

£20 /hr

Stephen J.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Latin, French+ 3 more

English Language
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation

“About Me:I am a second year mature student at the University of Bristol, studying Classics. I harbour a true love for the Classics, as well as for English and French literature, and I find great pleasure in sharing this enthusiasm ...”

£24 /hr

Jessica T.

Degree: MA Viking and Anglo Saxon Studies (Masters) - Nottingham University

Subjects offered: Latin, History+ 4 more

English Language
Classical Civilisation
-Personal Statements-

“About Me Hi, my name is Jess. I am currently doing a Masters at Nottingham University in Viking and Anglo Saxon studies. This sounds like it would be a history course, but it’s actually with the English department as it is very langu...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Giulia F.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: International Relations with History of Art (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Philosophy+ 2 more

Classical Greek

“A bit about me...My name is Giulia and I am a third year International Relations with Art History student at the University of Exeter. My high school Diploma was Humanities-oriented, since I've always had a great fondness for subjects...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Giulia

Explain Petrarch's attitude towards Classic literature.

Explain the relationship between Fortuna and Virtus in Ceasar

What is the Second Sophistic?

Other A Level Latin questions

What's the difference between quin and quominus?

What is an indirect statement in latin and how do I identify one?

What stylistic features should you be looking out for when analysing Latin poetry?

Why Latin translation is about strategy

View A Level Latin tutors


We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss