Explain the relationship between Fortuna and Virtus in Ceasar

In Ceasar's speech after the battle of Dyrrhachium (during the 49 BC - 45 BC Civil War), a battle which supposedly Pompeius won, but with conspicuous casualties on both sides, we see magnifically exeplified the oratio post-cladem. In this specific oratio, Ceasar invited his soldiers to not feel disheartened, because Fortuna ("luck") is on his side. Fortuna can be construed or helped by one's intelligence and sense of moderation, he explains. This is why Virtus and Fortuna are complementary concepts; the first prepares the ground for the advent of the second and when the latter should fail, a man's virtuous action and determination can help him achieve (and bring upon himself) res fortunae (happy events, good things). 

Giulia F. A Level Classical Greek tutor, A Level Latin tutor, A Level...

1 year ago

Answered by Giulia, an A Level Latin tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


£26 /hr

Jack A.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Oxford, Magdalen College University

Subjects offered: Latin, German+ 3 more

English Literature
Classical Greek

“In my opinion the best tutoring session is highly engaging, fully supportive and educational, and allows you to learn with confidence in your subject”

£20 /hr

Phoebe W.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Latin, Maths+ 1 more

Classical Greek

“Hello!! I am a 2nd year student reading Classics at Bristol University. I have always loved studying these languages and hope that I can inspire you to continue on this epic journey that mirrors Odysseus' - long and difficult at times...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Charles W.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Latin


“I have recently graduated from Bristol with First Class Honours in Classics, a subject that I have always been fascinated with. My tutorials will hopefully share this passion with you! I have taught young children Latin at a local pri...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Giulia F.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: International Relations with History of Art (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Philosophy+ 2 more

Classical Greek

“A bit about me...My name is Giulia and I am a third year International Relations with Art History student at the University of Exeter. My high school Diploma was Humanities-oriented, since I've always had a great fondness for subjects...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Giulia

Explain Petrarch's attitude towards Classic literature.

Explain the relationship between Fortuna and Virtus in Ceasar

What is the Second Sophistic?

Other A Level Latin questions

In which clauses might the subjunctive be required?

How do you use the gerund in Latin?

How do I form an indirect question?

How do you construct an Indirect Statement/Speech?

View A Level Latin tutors


We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss