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What is the difference between the verbs 'ser' and 'estar'?

The portuguese verbs 'ser' and 'estar' both translate into the english verb 'to be'. However, the two are not interchangeable. 

'Ser' is used in situation where you want to describe a permanent state, often something related to identity. 

'Estar' on the otherhand describes a current state, or the way someone/something exists in that moment. 

They are conjugated as follows: 

Ser - eu sou, tu és, ela/ele/você é, nós somos, vós sois, elas/eles/vocês são

Estar - eu estou, tu estás, ela/ele/você está, nós estamos, vós estais, elas/eles/vocês estão

Moana K. A Level German tutor, A Level Portuguese tutor

1 year ago

Answered by Moana, a Mentoring Portuguese tutor with MyTutor

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Moana K.

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Degree: BSc Archaeology and Forensic Science (Bachelors) - Exeter University

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“About meI am a student at the University of Exeter pursuing a BSc in Archaeology and Forensic Science. I was born and raised in Germany, which makesGerman my mother tongue, but over the years I have lived in many different countries ...”

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