What is the difference between the verbs 'ser' and 'estar'?

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The portuguese verbs 'ser' and 'estar' both translate into the english verb 'to be'. However, the two are not interchangeable. 

'Ser' is used in situation where you want to describe a permanent state, often something related to identity. 

'Estar' on the otherhand describes a current state, or the way someone/something exists in that moment. 

They are conjugated as follows: 

Ser - eu sou, tu és, ela/ele/você é, nós somos, vós sois, elas/eles/vocês são

Estar - eu estou, tu estás, ela/ele/você está, nós estamos, vós estais, elas/eles/vocês estão

Moana K. A Level German tutor, A Level Portuguese tutor

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