How is a waterfall formed in a river?

A waterfall forms in the upper course of a river. The water here flows over hard and soft rock. The soft rock is eroded more quickly than the hard rock. The river undercuts the hard rock leaving an overhang which forms a waterfall. Where the soft rock has been eroded, a plunge pool forms. As erosion continues the waterfall retreats upstream forming a gorge. It is important to draw sketches to visualise the process. Therefore, the process is easier to remember during an exam.

Theodora  E. A Level Geography tutor, GCSE Geography tutor, GCSE Psyc...

10 months ago

Answered by Theodora , who has applied to tutor GCSE Geography with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


£18 /hr

Odette F.

Degree: Biological Sciences (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Geography, Biology


“ABOUT ME: I am a 2nd Year Biology Student at the University of Exeter. Science as a whole, is a subject I am hugelyenthusiastic about and I would love to share this eagernesswith you! Having spent some of my Gap Year teaching abroad, I...”

£18 /hr

Iona H.

Degree: Biology (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Geography, English Literature+ 1 more

English Literature

“About me: I am a biology student at the University of Bristol. The course at Bristol is very well rounded so I can help with all the different disciplines covered at biology A level.  As well as biology I am happy to help with geogra...”

£18 /hr

Jacob M.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Manchester University

Subjects offered: Geography, Maths+ 1 more


“Tutoring experience I have gained three years tutoring experience with five seperate students of different ages and capabilities on a one-to-one basis. The subjects I have tutored include Maths, Biology, Physics and Chemistry at GCSE ...”

About the author

£18 /hr

Theodora E.

Degree: BA Geography (Masters) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Geography, Psychology


“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other GCSE Geography questions

What is the difference between pro-natalist policies and anti-natalist policies?

What are the 'push' and 'pull' factors in migration?

With the use of examples, explain how physical factors can hinder a country's development

How does the rainforest ecosystem work?

View GCSE Geography tutors


We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss