Describe and comment on the social, economic and political implications of population change?

An increasing population results in the social problems of over-crowding, with the availability of less homes, increasing the demand for houses of multiple occupancy, and raising house prices. The latter impact makes it increasingly difficult for those with a lower income to support their (economic) finances, such as taxes and living costs, forcing them to live in smaller residences. The large concentration of people in a small space increases the rate of infectious disease, meaning national health costs may rise (political, economic). A decreasing population will have a negative effect on the economy, with fewer workers available to produce goods to make profit in domestic and international trade. This may cause the government to encourage an influx of migrant workers (political, social), as can be seen currently in Russia. If a population is growing rapidly, the government will be stricter with migration policies, making the country more closed to migrant workers who would take the jobs needed for current residents (political, social). An example can be seen with the USA’s migration policy, particularly regarding Mexico.

Having an increasingly older (‘ageing’) population would cause there to be political and economic changes in healthcare provision, with more emphasis being put on the training of heart specialists and less being put on pre natal care. An increase in retirees would make more jobs available (social, economic), encouraging the government to put less restraint of migration policies, as migrant workers are welcomed to fill the jobs previously done by those now retired (poltical), as can be seen in Germany. The economy would also adapt to provide more social resources for the elderly – for example providing services that the ‘grey pound’ would want, such as holidays for the retired. Politically, an ageing population may also cause retirement ages to be raised.

Laurie K. GCSE Geography tutor, A Level Geography tutor, GCSE Sociolo...

1 year ago

Answered by Laurie, an A Level Geography tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


£22 /hr

Jacob H.

Degree: Y001 - Combined Honours (Geography and History) (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered:Geography, Physical Education+ 1 more

Physical Education

“Who am I? I’m Jacob, a first-year Combined Honours student at Newcastle University, studying Geography and History. I pursued both at A-level (achieving an A and A* respectively), as well as PE (grade A*), and as a cricket lover, I fi...”

£22 /hr

Isabel S.

Degree: Geography (Bachelors) - Oxford, Christ Church University

Subjects offered:Geography, Maths+ 3 more

.TSA. Oxford.

“I have tutored in a variety of subjects and in many different schools and settings, so am very adaptable to the needs of individual students.”

£20 /hr

Sam W.

Degree: Geography (Bachelors) - Oxford, Regent's Park College University

Subjects offered:Geography, English Language+ 4 more

English Language
.TSA. Oxford.
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Geography student at the University of Oxford. Friendly and patient teacher with a broad range of subject backgrounds at GCSE and A Level.”

About the author

Laurie K.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Environment, Culture and Society (Masters) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered:Geography, Spanish+ 3 more

-Personal Statements-

“Hello fellow geographers and sociologists!My name is Laurie, and I am currently studying a Masters degree in Environment, Culture and Society at the magical University of Edinburgh. Before this I was in Glasgow, where I did my Bachel...”

You may also like...

Posts by Laurie

Describe and comment on the social, economic and political implications of population change?

What areas do you specialise in?

With reference to a named disease of affluence, outline the impact on health, economic development and lifestyle.

Other A Level Geography questions

Explain the formation of a stump

Q: Describe one atmospheric system and the effects it can have on the area.

What is the Development Gap and why is it growing?

Why reduce energy demand and what can be done to reduce it?

View A Level Geography tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss