MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

299 views

What is the ablative absolute and how do you use it?

The ablative absolute is a neat and, I think, elegant Latin subordinate clause. It is distinguishable from the main clause by a subject noun and a participle, usually the perfect, in the ablative case. It has a rough translation meaning 'This having happened', or 'After this had happened...'. The ablative case makes it distinct from the main clause and describes a state of affairs in which the main clause takes place. An example would be: 'Spartaco victo Crassus Pompeiusque consules facti sunt.' (After Spartacus had been defeated, Crassus and Pompey became consuls.) The fact that it has no direct translation into English actually allows you to be reasonably flexible when translating it. For example, Latin often uses an ablative absolute where English would use two verbs linked by 'and'. So, an alternative translation of the above could be, 'Crassus and Pompey defeated Spartacus and became consuls'. As I said, it's quite neat!

Sam C. GCSE Latin tutor, A Level Latin tutor, A Level Classical Civil...

2 years ago

Answered by Sam, a GCSE Latin tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

32 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Stephen J.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Latin, French+ 3 more

Latin
French
English Language
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation

“About Me:I am a second year mature student at the University of Bristol, studying Classics. I harbour a true love for the Classics, as well as for English and French literature, and I find great pleasure in sharing this enthusiasm ...”

£18 /hr

Ben P.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Classical Greek

Latin
Classical Greek

“About me:  Hi, I’m Ben, a friendly and passionate graduate in Classics and Ancient History from the University of Exeter.  Having thoroughly enjoyed my three years of studying at the university, I am graduating this summer with a...”

£18 /hr

James J.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered: Latin, Maths+ 5 more

Latin
Maths
History
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“-        Worked with several students on GCSE English and Maths Upper 6...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Sam C.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: Ancient History (Masters) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, History+ 1 more

Latin
History
Classical Civilisation

“1st Class Ancient History graduate from Russell Group university progressing to Master's study; in tutoring, always eager to spread enthusiasm for Latin and the Classics!”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other GCSE Latin questions

What is the ablative absolute and how do you use it?

Athenodorus legit titulum auditoque pretio, quia suspecta vilitas: What was Athenodorus suspicious about?

How do you translate long, complex Latin sentences?

What are ablative absolutes and how are they best translated?

View GCSE Latin tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok