MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

663 views

How do you tackle a Latin translation?

Top tips for tackling a translation:

Before you begin, read through twice to try and get the gist of the text- ie, the characters, the plot etc

Always carefully read the extract in English at the top- as this gives an clear indication of what the text is focusing on

Underline all the key constructions you can see– eg, ablative absolute, ‘UT’ clauses

When attempting a sentence, first find the subject, then the verb and finally the object.

Work out the cases of the subject and object, (and whether it is sing/plural) and the correct tense of the verb.

Then you can work out the case of any extra information- eg adverb/preposition/adjective. The case and sing/plural of the extra info gives an indication of what noun it goes with.

After translation, see if you can make it sound a bit more fluent

An example- the first sentence-  Germanicus omnes virtutes corporis animique habebat.

Subject- germanicus- clue in title that it is a name- it is in the 1st declension nominative case-therefore shows that it is the subject of the sentence

Verb- ‘habebat’- it has ‘bat’ therefore it is imperfect, the ‘at’ shows it is 3rd person, therefore it is linked with the subject.- ‘was possessing’

Object- need to look for something in accusative case- it is ‘virtutes’- is in plural accusative. – ‘virtues’

Then you look at the remainder of the words:

Omnes- plural accusative meaning all- therefore links to ‘virtutes’

Corporis- genitive singular- therefore- ‘to body’ or ‘of body’

Animique- ‘animi’- genitive singular- ‘of mind’ and ‘que’ is ‘and’

Put this together- all the virtues of body and mind

The whole sentence is ‘ Germanicus was possessing all the virtues of body and mind.’

Katie O. GCSE Latin tutor, 13 plus  Latin tutor, A Level Latin tutor,...

1 year ago

Answered by Katie, an A Level Latin tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

32 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Kim N.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Latin, Maths+ 1 more

Latin
Maths
Classical Greek

“I am a Classics student at Durham. My sessions are tailored to the individual student – a more efficient way of learning. Therefore, I am patient and flexible.”

£20 /hr

Jennifer G.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Latin, Maths+ 4 more

Latin
Maths
Extended Project Qualification
Classical Greek
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hi! I'm Jennifer, a third year Classics student at St John's College, Cambridge, with lots of experience tutoring Latin, Greek and Maths.”

MyTutor guarantee

£22 /hr

Charles B.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Latin, Maths+ 1 more

Latin
Maths
Classical Civilisation

“About me I'm a passionate classicist particularly focused on ancient military warfare  currently studying classics at Durham University. I've been studying Latin and  Ancient History since I was 9 years old, picking up Ancient Greek at ...”

About the author

Katie O.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Psychology (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Latin, Mandarin+ 2 more

Latin
Mandarin
English Literature
English Language

“My name is Katie and I am a Psychology student at Durham university. I've always had natural instinct towards teaching and really enjoy creating new ways to explain concepts to others. In addition, I am very patient and approachable. ...”

You may also like...

Other A Level Latin questions

What is the difference bewteen a gerund and a gerundive?

What is the Jussive subjunctive?

On Aeneas' shield in Book 8, what images does Virgil use to make Octavian special and to elevate him above the status of combatant in a civil war with Antony? How are Octavian's opponents portrayed?

In what ways does Virgil present Dido as an increasingly desperate individual in these lines? How does he communicate to the reader that the outcome will be disastrous for her?

View A Level Latin tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok