When do I use "sein" in the perfect tense?

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In German the perfect tense is formed with haben/sein + past participle. The majority of verbs use haben in the perfect tense (such as Ich habe gespielt – I played). Transitive verbs (verbs that take an accusative) and reflexive verbs, for example, take haben.

Generally, verbs that concern a change of place or state (such as gehen, kommen, laufen, wachsen, sterben) take sein while other verbs take haben.

So you would say:

Ich bin gelaufen.

Du bist gefahren.

Er ist gekommen.

Sie ist gewachsen.

Wir sind gegangen.

Sie sind gestorben.

Nina M. GCSE German tutor, A Level English Language tutor, GCSE Engli...

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