MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

348 views

How are fear clauses constructed?

The general formula for a fear clause is:

"Verb of fearing" + 'ne' + verb in the subjunctive mood

e.g : timeo ne veniat "I fear that he is coming"

Notice how 'veniat' is in the present subjunctive as it is following 'timeo' which is in the present indicative. It is following the sequence of tenses.

If we were to put this phrase in the past it would become:

timui ne veniret - "I feared that he was coming"

Because 'timui' is in the perfect tense, 'veniat' becomes 'veniret' (imperfect subjunctive) following the sequence of tenses.

When putting a fear clause into the negative it is usual for 'ne' to become 'ut'. Nothing else changes

e.g timeo ut veniat - "I fear that he is not coming"

timui ut veniret "I feared that he was not coming"

But if you want to translate a phrase such as "I am afraid to fight him" you use the infinitve, just as in English. So:

timeo eum pugnare

The main thing to learn here is the sequence of tenses.

If the verb of fearing is in the present, future or future perfect tense then the verb following 'ne/ut' is in the present /perfect subjunctive.

If the verb of fearing is in the imperfect, perfect or pluperfect tense then the verb following 'ne/ut' is in the imperfect / pluperfect subjunctive. 

Philip O. GCSE Classical Greek tutor, GCSE Latin tutor, A Level Latin...

9 months ago

Answered by Philip, an A Level Latin tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

20 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Aidan C.

Degree: Classics & French (Bachelors) - Oxford, Oriel College University

Subjects offered:Latin, Maths+ 5 more

Latin
Maths
French
Classical Greek
.MLAT (Modern Languages)
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hi! I'm Aidan, a 2nd year undergraduate at Oxford who is a big fan of language and literature, both ancient and modern! I'd love to help out in any way I can towards your studies of French, Latin or Greek. I've had some experience men...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Charles W.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Latin

Latin

“I have recently graduated from Bristol with First Class Honours in Classics, a subject that I have always been fascinated with. My tutorials will hopefully share this passion with you! I have taught young children Latin at a local pri...”

MyTutor guarantee

PremiumElaine S. GCSE History tutor, A Level History tutor, GCSE Latin tutor...
£26 /hr

Elaine S.

Degree: Classics and Ancient History (Doctorate) - Liverpool University

Subjects offered:Latin, History+ 3 more

Latin
History
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation
-Personal Statements-

“In my tutoring sessions I aim to convey passion and enthusiasm, using the idea of little and often; to gradually build up understanding”

About the author

£20 /hr

Philip O.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Latin, Classical Greek

Latin
Classical Greek

“I'm a Classics student studying at Durham University. I am really enjoying my course and want to pass on my enthusiasm to younger students!  I am a very smiley, friendly person and have tutored Latin before regularly (as well as Biolo...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other A Level Latin questions

How do you use the gerund in Latin?

Why Latin translation is about strategy

How do you tackle a Latin translation?

How are fear clauses constructed?

View A Level Latin tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok