MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

1071 views

Why is Milgram's experiment on obedience considered so unethical?

Despite no real physical harm to the participant nor the confederate, Milgram's 1963 experiment broke the code of conduct in regard to what constitutes an ethical study in a number of ways, and if presented today, Milgram would likely not gain the approval to carry out his study in the first place. The first issue was that Milgram used deception; he thought this to be necessary to help meet his aims in a valid way, and although some levels of deception are sometimes acceptable, in this case not disclosing the true nature of the study led to further issues. Due to this, full informed consent could not be gained and only in a debrief were participants told that the study was not about intelligence, but rather the effects of authority on obedience. However, throughout and some time after the experiment, several participants experiences psychological harm as they believed they were seriously harming an individual, and later felt sever guilt that just because they instructed, they would in fact administer fatal electric shocks to another human being. Moreover, psychological conduct states that participants should be allowed a right to withdrawm from a study at any given time, however in this experiment, whenever the participant expressed signs of distress and wanting to quit, they were urged to continue by the 'scientist' until they continued, with only a small minority not seeing the experiment all the way to the end. Therefore, even though participants did not experience any pain or long-term damage, they were not put in a position where they could give full informed consent, were placed in highly stressful situations and found difficulty in withdraing from such circumstances, making this one of the most unethical experiments in psychological history. 

Serena S. GCSE English tutor, 11 Plus English tutor, A Level English ...

1 year ago

Answered by Serena, an A Level Psychology tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

43 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Frances B.

Degree: Experimental Psychology (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Maths+ 3 more

Psychology
Maths
Extended Project Qualification
English
-Personal Statements-

“Hi, I'm Frances! I study Experimental Psychology at the University of Bristol and tutor Psychology, Maths, English, EPQ and Personal Statements.”

Trusted by schools

|  14 completed tutorials

£20 /hr

Yomna E.

Degree: Human, Social and Political Sciences (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Sociology+ 5 more

Psychology
Sociology
French
English Literature
Arabic
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hi there! Whether you’re looking to boost your grades, or to gain a better understanding of the subject, I’d love to work together to achieve that.”

£20 /hr

Alexandra V.

Degree: Psychology (Bachelors) - Southampton University

Subjects offered:Psychology, English Literature+ 2 more

Psychology
English Literature
Classical Civilisation
-Personal Statements-

“My method is simple and effective. I will teach you how to be prepared because preparation leads to confidence and confidence to success.”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Serena S.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Education (Bachelors) - Birmingham University

Subjects offered:Psychology, Sociology+ 1 more

Psychology
Sociology
English

“I am a current third year student at the University of Birmingham. I take a patient and somewhat fun approach to teaching as to not make it seem like 'extra school' but instead learning that the student wants to partake in, and have n...”

Trusted by schools

|  21 completed tutorials

You may also like...

Other A Level Psychology questions

What is ecological validity?

Tom is littering in his local town. He is told to stop by a police officer and a local adult, who is Tom more likely to listen to? Give two reasons.

What is the difference between normative social influence and informational social influence?

What is the difference between a one-tailed or two-tailed experimental hypothesis?

View A Level Psychology tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok