MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

191 views

How do I approach translation of a latin sentence?

You shoud:

1. Read the sentence in its entirety, up to the full stop.

2. Proceed to analyse how the period is constructed: which is the main sentence? Are there any sentences subordinated and/or coordinated to the main? 

3. Define the verb of each singular phrase you find in the sentence.

4. Analyse what every single word is. E.g. Ibam: first person singular of the Imperfect Indicative, from the verb eo, to go. 

5. Establish the relationships between nouns, adjectives and prepositions. 

6. Try to provide a translation.

E.G: 

Puellae cum pila ludunt et laetae sunt.

We have here two sentences: 1. Puellae cum pila ludunt. AND 2. Laetae sunt.

The two are coordinated by the conjuction ET. 

In the first phrase we see:

Puellae: nominative, feminine, plural, from Puella, ae, 1st declension. (Pay attention that the same form can be either a genitive feminine singular or a dative, feiminine, singular).

Cum: preposition which usually accompanies an ablative or dative.

Pila: ablative, feminine, singular, froma Pila,ae, 1st declension ( it can be even a nominative singular, but it is following the cum, therefore it can be ablative and form an instrumental ablative).

Ludunt: third person plural, present, indicative, active, from Ludo, -is, lusi. lusum, ludere. Verb of the first phrase.

et: coordinative conjuction. Introducing a new phrase.

Laetae: nominative, feminine, plural, from the adjective laetus,-a,-um. (it can be either genitive or dative feminine singular, but we can imagine that it goes with the Puellae, sinche there are no other nouns in the same case the adjective can depend upon.)

Sunt: third person plural, present,indicatuve, from the verb sum, -es, fui, esse. ( the presence of verb sum in the function of copula explains the adjective laetae and reveals puellae as implied subject.). Verb of the second phrase.

Of course, during this analysis it is necessary to use the vocabulary as to search every word! And to put everything in good English.

Here it is the translation:

The girls (puellae) play (ludunt) with the ball (cum pila) and (et) they are (sunt) happy (laetae).

Good Job :-)

Lucrezia S. A Level Italian tutor, A Level Classical Greek tutor, A L...

3 months ago

Answered by Lucrezia, an A Level Latin tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

23 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Ben G.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Latin, History+ 1 more

Latin
History
Classical Greek

“Summary I am currently studying Classics at Durham University and achieved a 1st in my first year.  Experience I enjoyed going to Bryanstan Greek Summer school as a pupil. Now I am about to teach Latin on a JACT Latin/Greek Summer sch...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Alicia E.

Degree: Classics BA (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Latin, Maths+ 2 more

Latin
Maths
English Literature

“Hello! My name is Alicia, most people just call me Alice, I'm happy with either. I am studying Classics at the University of Exeter so I am very much committed to the classical world but still enjoy the subjects I took at A-Level and ...”

£20 /hr

Stephen J.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Latin, French+ 3 more

Latin
French
English Language
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation

“About Me:I am a second year mature student at the University of Bristol, studying Classics. I harbour a true love for the Classics, as well as for English and French literature, and I find great pleasure in sharing this enthusiasm ...”

About the author

£20 /hr

Lucrezia S.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered: Latin, Italian+ 5 more

Latin
Italian
History of Art
English Literature
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation

“Hello! I am Lucrezia Sperindio. I come from Italy and I am currently attending the third year of my undergraduate degree atKing's College London. I am studying Classical Greek and Latin, therefore I can help students in tackling these...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other A Level Latin questions

In what ways does Virgil present Dido as an increasingly desperate individual in these lines? How does he communicate to the reader that the outcome will be disastrous for her?

What's the difference between quin and quominus?

To what extent is Dido a sympathetic character in Aeneid 4?

How are fear clauses constructed?

View A Level Latin tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok