MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

108 views

What is a democracy?

Democracy is a system of government where the majority of a population elects representatives to govern the country. It literally means 'rule of the people', stemming from the Greek work 'demos' which means people.

In a democracy, the elected representatives, (in other words, the government which is voted in) gain legitimacy by securing the vote of the majority.

Five defining characteristics are generally regarded as symbolising a democracy. These are:

1. Elected representatives - representatives of government are elected by the people.
2. Elections are held to elect those representatives - these must be fair, transparent and according to state law.
3. Civil liberties - this includes freedoms and rights which citizens are entitled to have such as the freedoms of expression, speech, and political participation.
4. Rule of law - the law must see all citizens as equal. No one is above the law.
5. An organised opposition - this is an important characteristic of democracy as it ensures the freedom of opposing parties to criticise any wrong policies of the current government.

The majority of democracies around the world that meet these criteria are therefore regarded as liberal democracies. An example of this is the UK. On the contrary, an illiberal democracy is one in which some of these criteria are met but where the real power of citizens are curtailed, since they may lack civil liberties and freedoms. An example of this is Hungary.

Marral S. A Level English Literature tutor, GCSE English Literature t...

3 months ago

Answered by Marral, an A Level Government and Politics tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

23 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Edward C.

Degree: BSc Politics and International Relations (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, Geography+ 1 more

Government and Politics
Geography
Economics

“Hi there!  About Me My name is Ed, I am currently studying BSc Politics and International Relations at the University of Exeter. I studied Geography, Politics and Economics at A level, and achieved A grades in each, but I also studie...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Christopher M.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, History+ 1 more

Government and Politics
History
-Personal Statements-

“Hi! I'm Chris, an open and patient student who wishes to help you with any issues you're currently facing. I'm incrediblyflexible so feel free to contact me asap - I can't wait to hear from you! About Me I’m a History student curre...”

£30 /hr

Charlotte J.

Degree: International Relations (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, Politics+ 2 more

Government and Politics
Politics
Geography
-Personal Statements-

“First year International Relations student. Passionate about Politics and Geography and looking to tutor both A-Level and GCSE students.”

About the author

Marral S.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: MPhil Modern Middle Eastern Studies (Masters) - Oxford, St Antony's College University

Subjects offered: Government and Politics, Sociology+ 4 more

Government and Politics
Sociology
Politics
Maths
English Literature
-Personal Statements-

“About me: I studied BSc Politics and International Relations for my undergraduate degree at the University of Bath, graduating with a first class honours in 2016. I am currently reading MPhil in Modern Middle Eastern Studies at the  U...”

You may also like...

Other A Level Government and Politics questions

What is democracy?

To what extent is freedom to raise unlimited campaign funds justified by the first amendment?

What is the main difference between old and new regionalism?

Why are the current US Presidential election primary campaigns noticeably different from previous campaigns?

View A Level Government and Politics tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok