MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

1122 views

Explain Joseph Fletcher’s Approach to Ethics

Fletcher’s Situation Ethics is firstly a consequential ethical theory. It suggests that any action is dependent upon the consequences it produces.

Situation Ethics is also teleological – it is concerned with the end result, regardless of what is done to achieve it. It focuses on what the end goal is, rather than the events involved prior.

As well as this, it is relativistic. Each action is looked at individually with no universal moral laws. Every situation is viewed separately to each other.

Situation Ethics is often summed up as: “The greatest love for the greatest number”, meaning that an action is just or right if it produces the greatest amount of love for the greatest amount of people.

The basic principles of this theory are separated into the Four Working Principles and the Six Fundamental Principles.

4 Working Principles

Pragmatism – The course of action chosen must be practical, it must work. For example, if you were stuck with a dilemma of saving someone from the first or twenty-first floor of a burning building, it is more practical to save the man on the first floor.

Personalism – We must place people above rules. For example, if stealing food would save the lives of starving people, we should disregard the rule to save the people involved.

Positivism – You must accept that acting in the most loving way is the right thing to do – agape (selfless love) provides justification, not proof, for an ethical decision.

Relativism – Each course of action is relative to the situation – no one situation can be treated the same.

6 Fundamental Principles

“Love only is always good”. – The only intrinsically good thing in life is love.

“Love is the only norm”. – Love is the only norm or rule, the only thing we should truly follow.

“Love and Justice are the same”. – Love is justice served. To act lovingly is to act justly.

“Love justifies the means”. – If actions are done lovingly, they are just and so is the outcome.

“Love decides there and then”. – There are no rules to decide from, in each situation it is down to love and what the most loving thing to do is.

“Love is not liking”. -  Agapeistic love is not favouritism. We must love everyone equally, regardless of personal feelings.

Patrick S. A Level Philosophy tutor, GCSE Philosophy tutor, A Level P...

1 year ago

Answered by Patrick, an A Level Philosophy and Ethics tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

24 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Angharad L.

Degree: BA Philosophy and Theology (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Philosophy and Ethics, Religious Studies+ 2 more

Philosophy and Ethics
Religious Studies
Philosophy
Geography

“I have experienced and believe that small inputs to children such as tutoring can have such a positive and long lasting effect.”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Amy M.

Degree: Theology and Religious Studies (Bachelors) - Nottingham University

Subjects offered:Philosophy and Ethics, Sociology

Philosophy and Ethics
Sociology

“An enthusiastic teacher, I have lots of experience in teaching children and young people of all ages and all abilities.”

£20 /hr

Henrik S.

Degree: Physics and Philosophy (Integrated Masters) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered:Philosophy and Ethics, Physics+ 3 more

Philosophy and Ethics
Physics
Philosophy
Maths
-Personal Statements-

“I will teach my tutees to become expert problem solvers so that they can adapt to the requirements of any future examination.”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

£20 /hr

Patrick S.

Degree: Philosophy (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Philosophy and Ethics, Philosophy+ 1 more

Philosophy and Ethics
Philosophy
English Literature

“Having grown up around numerous teachers, I have always had a natural comfort in teaching environments. As a result, it is not surprising that teaching is my long term goal with my degree, or that I have spent much of my time accumula...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Patrick

Critically Analyse Anselm’s First Ontological Argument

Explain Hume’s Argument Against Miracles

Explain Joseph Fletcher’s Approach to Ethics

Explain Paley’s Teleological Argument

Other A Level Philosophy and Ethics questions

What is Plato's 'theory of recollection'?

How can theists reply to the problem of evil and suffering?

"Utilitarianism is the best ethical theory when discussing abortion". Discuss.

How can I improve my philosophical essay writing?

View A Level Philosophy and Ethics tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok