Which fits best : perfective or imperfective?

The Russian verb has 3 tenses and 2 aspects. Aspects describe different qualities
of an action – it is either acting (the process of doing something - Imperfective)
or the result of an action (after someone has finished doing something - Perfective).
Using the Imperfective/Perfective depends only on the intention of the speaker
to emphasize different aspects of action in his or her speech. 
>Imperfective : a process
Ex: Завтра я буду рисовать
картину. - I will be drawing a picture tomorrow.
>Perfective : a result
Ex: Завтра я нарисую
картину. - Tomorrow I’ll draw a picture
That’s why the Perfective can be used only in the Past or Future tense, since
the result can be either reached in past, or it will be reached in future. Russians use
the Imperfective for the Present tense, since the present is in progress.
If you require emphasizing in your speech a necessity of fulfillment or a desire to finish
an action and achieve a result – use the Perfective.
Я сделаю это к вечеру!
Мы напишем отчёт через неделю!
Они уже поговорили с клиентом
If you need to say that the process of doing something is necessary and important,
then use the Imperfective! 
Я буду заниматься спортом !
Он будет говорить с директором после обеда.
Они уже делали отчёт на прошлой неделе.
Summary of differences between 2 aspects :
Perfective :
1. Result
Вчера я прочитал интересную
Утром я съел три бутерброда!
2. Something is done (or is going to be done) only once
Сегодня мы прочитали прекрасные
3. Sequence of actions
Сначала они поговорили, потом
выпили пива и только затем
послушали песню



1. Process

Вчера я читал книгу.
Утром я ел бутерброд с сыром.

2. Regularity of doing something 

Он ежедневно пил кофе.

3. Simultaneity of different actions

Друзья разговаривали, пили пиво и
слушали музыку.
Leo U. Uni Admissions Test Russian tutor, IB French tutor

2 years ago

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