When should I use "um...zu" and when "damit" when introducing a final subordinate sentence?

  • Google+ icon
  • LinkedIn icon
  • 564 views

Both the conjunctions "um" and "damit" introduce a final subordinate sentence. The only difference between the two lies in the subject of the sentence. When using the conjunction "um..zu"  the subject of the subordinate clause must be the same subject of the main clause, whereas when using "damit" the main and the subordinate clause can have two different subjects. 

For example: Ich höre Musik nicht, damit meine Mutter schlafen kann.

The subject of the first clause is "ich", whereas the subject of the subordinate clause is "meine Mutter". For this reason I have used the conjunction "damit" instead of "um...zu".

Alice B. IB Italian tutor, A Level Italian tutor, GCSE Italian tutor,...

About the author

is an online A Level German tutor with MyTutor studying at Leeds University

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist.

95% of our customers rate us

Browse tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok