Outline the positive and negative effects that tourism can have on fragile environments

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A great way of approaching this question is by applying a case study such as tourism in Antartica. Geographers argue that Antartica is the only wilderness left in the world - that is to say that it remains largely untouched by humans. Tourists bring both positive and negative effects to the environment.

Possible negative impacts:
- Antarctica is often described as a ‘honeypot’ (imagine bees swarming around honey to taste the sweet experience). This suggests that a vast number of tourists visit the area every year. Tourists arrive by plane or boat which creates a large amount of pollution. This transport pollution can be more damaging on a global scale, although sound pollution, litter and effluence are more degrading on a local scale.
- Tourists may distress particular species that have never been exposed to humans before.

Possible positive impacts:
- Tourists should see first hand the beauty of Antarctica which needs to be preserved. Hopefully, they will donate money to charities who support this philosophy which will aid the wildlife. These visitors may also raise awareness to others, so the wider world will realise how fragile it is and help protect it.

You might insert an evaluative statement at the end to show which impacts you think are more significant.

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