What is the difference in pronouncing 'ß' and 'ss'?

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'ß'

- examples: Spaß; groß

- the vowel before the ß, is pronounced longer 

 

'ss'

- examples: essen, Kasse, Russland, vergessen, besser

- The vowel before the 'ss' is pronounced shorter

 

It is also known that Diphthong (ei, au, ie, eu) are prounced longer

(e.g. außerdem, genießen)

 

 

Beware: It is important to note that these sounds may be similar to already existing letters such as 's'. Hence this rule may not help to choose between 's' and 'ss' and/or ß.

These rules are mainly applied in Germany. In Switzerland, these may vary.

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